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Headword: *oi)/nopi
Adler number: omicroniota,139
Translated headword: wine-dark
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[oi)/noy, genitive] oi)/nopos.
"To wine-dark [so-and-so]", [meaning] to dark/black [so-and-so].[1] In the Epigrams: "from which we poured libations, as much [as is] right, to wine-dark Bacchus and the Satyrs."[2]
But "ruddy" [oi)nwpo/s] [means] wine-coloured, bright; or darks/black.
"Feeding on the ruddy grape-cluster of Bacchus."[3]
Greek Original:
*oi)=noy, oi)/nopos. *oi)/nopi, me/lani: e)n *)epigra/mmasi: w(=n h(mei=s spei/santes, o(/son qe/mis, oi)/nopi *ba/kxw| kai\ *satu/rois. *oi)nwpo\s de\ oi)nw/dhs, diaugh/s: h)\ me/lanos. *oi)nwpo\n *ba/kxou bo/trun e)repto/menos.
Notes:
[1] cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 13.703, where a form of the headword appears (though not in the familiar Homeric epithet "wine-dark sea").
[2] Greek Anthology 6.44.5-6 (attributed by some to Leonidas of Tarentum), on Heronax's libations to Satyrs and Dionysus after first vintages from new vineyards; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 137), (vol. II, 391-392), and other extracts from this epigram at delta 1490 and kappa 24. On this epigram's uncertain attribution to Leonidas, see kappa 24 note.
[3] Greek Anthology 7.20.2 (Simonides), on the death of Sophocles. Behind this epigram is a mid-C3 BCE tale of Sophocles having died by choking on a grape; cf. Page (277) and Sotades fragment 11.14 in Diehl (291).
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
D.L. Page, ed., Further Greek Epigrams, (Cambridge 1981)
E. Diehl, ed., Anthologia Lyrica Graeca, vol. II, (Leipzig 1925)
Keywords: agriculture; biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; imagery; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 June 2004@15:21:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation and notes; augmented keywords; betacoding and other cosmetics) on 9 June 2004@04:17:08.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2013@07:51:10.
David Whitehead (codings) on 29 May 2016@09:08:50.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3; expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 29 January 2021@11:55:43.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added to bibliography, added keyword) on 3 July 2023@11:14:08.

Headword: *flu/akes
Adler number: phi,547
Translated headword: farces, burlesques
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Sotades wrote Farces, that is obscene verses,[1] in Ionic dialect; for these even used to be called 'Ionic Stories'. Alexandros the Aitolian[2] worked in this genre too, and others.
Greek Original:
*flu/akes: *swta/dhs e)/graye *flu/akas h)/toi kinai/dous, diale/ktw| *)iwnikh=|: kai\ ga\r *)iwnikoi\ lo/goi e)kalou=nto ou(=toi. e)xrh/sato de\ tw=| ei)/dei tou/tw| kai\ *)ale/candros o( *ai)twlo\s kai\ e(/teroi.
Notes:
A repetition of the first part of sigma 871, q.v. See also rho 171, and generally W.G. Arnott in OCD4) 1138.
[1] For this meaning of the noun ki/naidos (in the plural) cf. e.g. Diogenes Laertius 9.110.
[2] alpha 1127.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; poetry
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 November 2001@03:05:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead on 6 September 2002@09:28:34.
William Hutton (modified translation, added keyword, set status) on 9 November 2003@19:53:46.
David Whitehead on 13 December 2013@06:49:50.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@03:41:38.
David Whitehead on 31 May 2016@05:50:27.

Headword: *swta/deia
Adler number: sigma,868
Translated headword: Sotadeians, Sotadians
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] poems of Sotades.
Greek Original:
*swta/deia: *swta/dou poih/mata.
Notes:
Same entry in other lexica; references at Photius sigma931, where however Theodoridis retains the reading ponh/mata (rather than poih/mata).
See generally sigma 871. The "Sotadean" meter was a "stichic Ionic verse ... which allows great freedom of resolution and substitution": OCD4 s.v. Sotades(2).
Keywords: comedy; definition; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 December 2002@05:31:06.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keyword, set status) on 12 May 2004@19:45:00.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 13 May 2004@00:54:50.
David Whitehead (another note) on 10 May 2011@05:53:09.
David Whitehead on 31 December 2013@04:48:22.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@11:45:56.

Headword: *swta/dhs
Adler number: sigma,870
Translated headword: Sotades
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Athenian, a comic poet of Middle Comedy.
Greek Original:
*swta/dhs, *)aqhnai=os, kwmiko\s th=s me/shs kwmw|di/as.
Note:
C4 BCE; OCD4 Sotades(1); PCG 7.609-613.
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; geography
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 December 2002@05:26:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 12 May 2004@19:35:05.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 13 May 2004@03:57:26.
David Whitehead on 31 December 2013@04:50:32.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@11:46:35.
David Whitehead on 27 December 2014@10:30:19.

Headword: *swta/dhs
Adler number: sigma,871
Translated headword: Sotades
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A Cretan, a Maroneian, possessed by demons,[1] a writer of iambics. He wrote Farces, that is obscene verses, in Ionic dialect; for even these used to be called Ionic Stories.[2] Others who worked in this genre were Alexandros the Aitolian and Pyres the Milesian and Theodoros and Timocharidas and Xenarchos. There are very many kinds of it, such as Descent into Hades, Priapos, In regard to Belestiche,[3] Amazon, etc.
Also Women Locked Up, and Ransomed, as Athenaeus says in Deipnosophists.[4]
Greek Original:
*swta/dhs, *krh/s, *marwnei/ths, daimonisqei/s, i)ambogra/fos. e)/graye *flu/akas h)/toi *kinai/dous diale/ktw| *)iwnikh=|: kai\ ga\r *)iwnikoi\ lo/goi e)kalou=nto ou(=toi. e)xrh/sato de\ tw=| ei)/dei tou/tw| kai\ *)ale/candros o( *ai)twlo\s kai\ *pu/rhs o( *milh/sios kai\ *qeo/dwros kai\ *timoxari/das kai\ *ce/narxos. ei)si\ de\ au)tou= ei)/dh plei=sta: oi(=on *ei)s a(/|dou kata/basis: *pri/hpos: *ei)s *belesti/xhn: *)amazw/n: kai\ e(/tera. kai\ *)egkleio/menai, kai\ *paralutrou/menos: w(s *)aqh/naio/s fhsin e)n *deipnosofistai=s.
Notes:
C3 BCE. See generally OCD4 s.v. Sotades(2) (and cf. already sigma 868).
[1] Something is textually amiss not only with this word but with everything so far, since Maroneia (mu 222) is not in Crete. Emend daimonisqei/s to de\ nomisqei/s, with Rohde: 'a Cretan, but considered a Maroneian'.
[2] For this sentence and the beginning of the next cf. phi 547.
[3] cf. beta 232.
[4] Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 7.293A-E [7.41 Kaibel] and 9.368A [9.5] -- but as one sees there, this material actually pertains to Sotades the Athenian comic poet (sigma 870).
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; poetry
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 May 2004@07:41:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 12 May 2004@19:38:22.
David Whitehead (modified translation at one point) on 13 May 2004@03:45:05.
David Whitehead on 31 December 2013@04:51:41.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@11:47:04.
David Whitehead on 15 January 2015@09:15:33.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 March 2022@00:52:28.

Headword: *swta/dhs
Adler number: sigma,872
Translated headword: Sotades
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Athenian, philosopher, the man who wrote 1 volume On the Mysteries.
Greek Original:
*swta/dhs, *)aqhnai=os, filo/sofos, o( gra/yas *peri\ musthri/wn bibli/on a#.
Note:
FGrH 358 (this testimonium only); date indeterminable.
Keywords: biography; geography; historiography; philosophy; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 May 2004@06:40:22.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 12 May 2004@19:39:15.
David Whitehead (typo) on 13 May 2004@03:37:25.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2011@05:53:02.

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