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Headword: *gru=
Adler number: gamma,461
Translated headword: grunt, ugh
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] short. But some [say it is] the crud from [under] the nails.[1]
Aristophanes in Wealth [writes]: "and responding to these things without even so much as an ugh."[2] Some [say the word comes] from 'grunting', that is the sound of pigs; or [that it is] a kind of small coin; or any old thing, the smallest thing. Whence come gru/th ['purse for odds and ends'] and gruto/pwlis ['odds-and-ends-saleswoman'] -- which is not spoken [properly this way], but grupo/pwlis.[3]
Also [sc. attested is] a proverb: "Dion's grunt", in reference to something small and inconsequential.[4]
Greek Original:
*gru=: braxu/. e)/nioi de\ to\n a)po\ tw=n o)nu/xwn r(u/pon. *)aristofa/nhs *plou/tw|: kai\ tau=t' a)pokrinome/nou topara/pan ou)de\ gru=. tine\s para\ to\n grulismo\n, toute/sti th\n fwnh\n tw=n xoi/rwn: h)\ ei)=dos mikrou= nomi/smatos: h)\ to\ tuxo\n, to\ mikro/taton. o(/qen kai\ gru/th kai\ gruto/pwlis: o(/per ou)k ei)/rhtai, a)lla\ grupo/pwlis. kai\ paroimi/a: *to\ *di/wnos gru=, e)pi\ tou= mikrou= kai\ tuxo/ntos.
[1] Up to this point the source is the Synagoge of grammatical information used as a common source by Photius and the Suda. Cf. also the scholia to Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 17 (web address 1), about to be quoted, and to Knights 877 (where a personage with the name 'Gruttos' is referred to: web address 2); Hesychius gamma938; Anecdota Graeca I (Bekker) 228.2; Theognostos in Anecdota Oxoniensia 2.19.20.
[2] Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 17 (web address 1), followed by comment from the scholia there. Cf. omicron 779.
[3] Perhaps a true assertion about the literature known to this scholar, but gruto/pwlis does occur on e.g. a papyrus of the C2 CE (Youtie 96.2).
[4] See Appendix Proverbiorum 4.91, Apostolius 17.3 (cf. 5.64), and fully at tau 730.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; poetry; proverbs; women; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 11 July 2003@04:59:14.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to translation and notes) on 11 July 2003@05:11:15.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 8 April 2010@08:47:08.
David Whitehead (another note, courtesy of Dr Nick Nicholas; tweaks) on 23 January 2011@05:18:18.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 June 2012@08:30:10.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 7 October 2012@00:20:02.
David Whitehead (another keyword; coding and other cosmetics) on 29 September 2015@10:09:24.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 18 February 2021@17:24:58.


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