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Headword: Ἀλέξανδρος Αἰγαῖος
Adler number: alpha,1128
Translated headword: Alexandros Aigaios, Alexandrus Aegaeus, Alexander of Aegae
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Peripatetic philosopher; teacher of the emperor Nero, along with the philosopher Chaeremon.[1] He had a son called Caelinus.[2] This man used to call Nero 'clay mixed with blood'. In my view, bad pupils have worse teachers; for virtue is teachable, vice comes from practice.[3]
[b] There is also another Alexander, of Aphrodisias, a philosopher.[4]
[c] And another, son of Numenius, a sophist.[5]
[d] And another, surnamed Claudius, a sophist.[6]
[e] And another, son of Casilon, a sophist,[7] brother of the sophist Eusebius[8] and a pupil of Julian.[9]
[f] And another Alexander, son of Alexander the legal advocate, a Cilician from Seleucia, a sophist, nicknamed Peloplaton.[10]
Greek Original:
Ἀλέξανδρος Αἰγαῖος: φιλόσοφος Περιπατητικός, διδάσκαλος Νέρωνος τοῦ βασιλέως, ἅμα Χαιρήμονι τῷ φιλοσόφῳ. υἱὸν δὲ ἔσχε Καίλινον ὄνομα. οὗτος ἐκάλει τὸν Νέρωνα πηλὸν αἵματι πεφυρμένον. κακῶν μαθητῶν, ὡς οἶμαι, κακίονες οἱ διδάσκαλοι: διδακτὴ γὰρ ἀρετὴ καὶ κακία ἀσκητή. ἔστι δὲ καὶ ἕτερος Ἀλέξανδρος Ἀφροδισιεύς, φιλόσοφος. καὶ ἄλλος, ὁ Νουμηνίου, σοφιστής. καὶ ἄλλος, Κλαύδιος χρηματίσας, σοφιστής. καὶ ἕτερος, ὁ Κασίλωνος, σοφιστής, ἀδελφὸς Εὐσεβίου τοῦ σοφιστοῦ, μαθητὴς δὲ Ἰουλιανοῦ. καὶ ἄλλος Ἀλέξανδρος, Ἀλεξάνδρου, δικηγόρου, Κίλιξ, Σελευκεύς, σοφιστής, ὃς ἐπεκλήθη Πηλοπλάτων.
Notes:
First half of C1 AD. See generally RE Alexandros(92).
[1] RE Chairemon(7); NP Chairemon(2); OCD4 Chaeremon(2); FGrH 618.
[2] Adler (addenda) notes Bernhardy's suggested emendation of this name to Caecilius.
[3] For Nero see generally nu 254, at the end of which this dictum about him recurs. In the present entry the additional, personal comment ('In my view etc.') is unparalleled in the Suda's biographical entries.
[4] RE Alexandros(94); NP Alexandros(26); OCD4 Alexander(14).
[5] RE Alexandros(96); NP Alexandros(25); OCD4 Alexander(12). For Numenius see nu 518.
[6] His commentary on Demosthenes is attested: see Maehler (1974).
[7] PLRE I Alexander(8); not otherwise attested. For the father Casilon (RE Suppl. I, Claudius (100a); PLRE I Casilon) see K. Latte, Lexica Graeca Minora (Hildesheim 1965) 243-4 ('from Claudius Casilon's Questions Concerning the Attic Orators').
[8] See [epsilon 3738] Eusebius.
[9] [iota 435] Julian.
[10] RE Alexandros(98); NP Alexandros(28); Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 2.5.
Reference:
H. Maehler, 'Menander Rhetor and Alexander Claudius in a papyrus letter' GRBS 15 (1974) 305-11
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; imagery; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 7 July 1999@14:26:03.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (changed status) on 24 June 2000@10:15:45.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Changed translated headword) on 14 August 2000@14:44:09.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 June 2002@06:26:13.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 2 January 2006@11:25:25.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; cosmetics) on 22 April 2012@05:26:54.
David Whitehead (another note) on 22 January 2014@06:50:19.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 January 2014@09:45:50.
David Whitehead (updated refs) on 30 July 2014@08:28:21.

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