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Headword: *poseidw/nios
Adler number: pi,2108
Translated headword: Posidonius, Poseidonios
Vetting Status: high
[Posidonius], of Alexandria. Stoic philosopher. A pupil of Zeno of Citium.[1] He wrote a history continuing from Polybius in 52 books, down to the Cyrenaic war and Ptolemy;[2] rhetorical declamations; hypotheses to Demosthenes (but I think that these are rather [the work] of Posidonius the sophist, of Olbiopolis).[3]
Greek Original:
*poseidw/nios, *)alecandreu/s, filo/sofos *stwi+ko/s, maqhth\s *zh/nwnos tou= *kitie/ws. e)/grayen i(stori/an th\n meta\ *polu/bion e)n bibli/ois nb# e(/ws tou= pole/mou tou= *kurhnai+kou= kai\ *ptolemai/ou, kai\ mele/tas r(htorika/s, u(poqe/seis ei)s *dhmosqe/nhn: kai\ oi)=mai tau=ta ma=llon *poseidwni/ou tou= sofistou= ei)=nai, tou= *)olbiopoli/tou.
[1] See zeta 79: Zeno. For this man as a pupil of Zeno cf. Diogenes Laertius 7.38.
[2] For Polybius and his 40-book History see pi 1941; it covered the years 220-146. Posidonius' continuation evidently started from 146, the destruction of Carthage (and Corinth), but its precise end-point is hard to determine, despite what the present Suda entry says. (No 'Cyrenaic war' is recognised elsewhere, and there are too many candidates for 'Ptolemy'.) Various dates between the 80s and the 60s have been proposed.
[3] For Posidonius of Olbiopolis see pi 2109. The continuation of Polybius was in fact the work of [pi 2107] Posidonius of Apamea; but the entry on Polybius (pi 1941) attributes it to Posidonius of Olbiopolis.
Keywords: biography; chronology; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 25 May 2002@08:10:25.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ on 26 May 2002@09:12:07.
David Whitehead (supplied headwords; augmented notes) on 26 May 2002@10:13:12.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 10 October 2013@09:12:47.
David Whitehead (another note) on 23 June 2016@11:19:12.


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