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Headword: Karneadês
Adler number: kappa,400
Translated headword: Karneades, Carneades
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A Libyan, from Cyrene, the son of Philokomos;[1] a philosopher. The very man from whom the New Academy originated.[2] They say that when he died, the moon suffered an eclipse and the sun grew dim.[3]
Greek Original:
Karneadês, Libus, apo Kurênês, huios Philokômou, philosophos, aph' houper hê nea Akadêmia êrxato. phasi de teleutêsantos autou tên selênên eklipein kai ton hêlion amudron genesthai.
Notes:
214/3-129/8. See generally Gisela Striker in OCD(4) s.v. Carneades; Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy at web address 1.
[1] Philokomos or Epikomos (Diogenes Laertius 4.62).
[2] Karneades was the most recognized member of the "New" or "Skeptical" Academy. He succeeded Hegesinus as head of the Academy some time shortly prior to his visit to Rome in 155 (along with the Stoic Diogenes and the Peripatetic Critolaus), but he retired in 137 due to failing health, and died in 129/8. No works survive, but his thought is cited extensively by Cicero, among others, probably through preservation by Karneades' student and successor as head of the Academy, Clitomachus. From what is preserved, he seems to have focused upon developing the facility of arguing a question equally well on both sides, and to have been one of the major philosophic opponents of the Stoic school.
[3] cf. Diog. Laert. 4.64.
References:
M. Burnyeat (ed.), The Skeptical Tradition (1983)
M. Schofield, et. al. (edd.), Doubt and Dogmatism (1980)
Donald J. Zeyl (ed.), Encyclopedia of Classical Philosophy (1997)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; geography; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Jeffery Murphy on 4 March 2000@15:14:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; augmented bibliography; cosmetics) on 27 May 2001@09:16:17.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 16 March 2008@11:32:24.
David Whitehead on 28 January 2013@05:05:31.
Catharine Roth (supplemented note) on 5 September 2013@00:56:00.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@05:51:37.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 13 April 2019@01:32:48.

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