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Headword: Κάτων
Adler number: kappa,1113
Translated headword: Cato
Vetting Status: high
A Roman general. While he was still a very young man he was austere and hardworking, distinguished in both intellectual grasp and verbal dexterity; as a result the Romans used to call him "Demosthenes" for his speeches, recognizing that Demosthenes[1] had been the best orator in Greece.
It is said that when someone asked Cato the Elder for his opinion about matters in Carthage and about Scipio, he said: "he alone can think, but the rest flit about like shadows".[2]
Greek Original:
Κάτων, στρατηγὸς Ῥωμαίων: ὃς νέος μὲν ἦν ἔτι πάμπαν, αὐστηρὸς δὲ καὶ φιλόπονος, συνέσει τε γνώμης καὶ δεινότητι λόγων ἀριπρεπής, ὥστε αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τοῖς λόγοις ἐκάλουν οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι Δημοσθένην, πυνθανόμενοι τὸν ἄριστον ἐν τοῖς Ἕλλησι ῥήτορα γενέσθαι Δημοσθένην. λέγεται Κάτωνα τὸν πρεσβύτην, ἐρομένου τινός, ἣν ἔχοι γνώμην περὶ τῶν ἐν Καρχηδόνι πραγμάτων καὶ περὶ τοῦ Σκιπίωνος, εἰπεῖν: οἶος πέπνυται, τοὶ δὲ σκιαὶ ἀί̈σσουσιν.
The entry brings together biographical material on two stages in the long life of Marcus Porcius Cato Censorinus (234-149; see generally OCD(4) pp.1188-9.) Passage 1 derives from Appian, Iberica 160; for passage 2, a famous anecdote, cf. Polybius 36.6.7; Diodorus Siculus 32.9a.2; Livy Epitome 49, etc.
[1] delta 454, delta 455, delta 456.
[2] An approximation of Homer, Odyssey 10.495, on Teiresias; see already alpha 691.
Keywords: biography; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 July 2001@03:47:03.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modifed translation; cosmetics) on 22 August 2003@22:17:47.
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 24 August 2003@05:46:05.
David Whitehead (corrected primary note, at the prompting of Andrew Smith; cosmetics) on 11 October 2004@03:42:10.
David Whitehead on 11 February 2013@06:54:29.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@06:27:51.


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