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Headword: Sôpatros
Adler number: sigma,845
Translated headword: Sopater, Sopatros
Vetting Status: high
Apamean,[1] sophist and philosopher, pupil of Iamblichus.[2] The Caesar Constantine killed him as a pledge that he had given up the Greek religion, which had previously been his usage.[3] He wrote On providence and those who have undeserved good or bad fortune.
'Constantine killed Sopater, but was wrong to do so: a Christian [sc. is so] out of love, not coercion.'[4]
Greek Original:
Sôpatros, Apameus, sophistês kai philosophos, mathêtês Iamblichou: hon ho Kaisar Kônstantinos aneilen eis pistin tou mê hellênizein eti ta kata thrêskeian: ên gar autôi sunêthês proteron. egrapse Peri pronoias kai tôn para tên axian eupragountôn ê duspragountôn. hoti ton Sôpatron Kônstantinos aneilen, ou kalôs poiôn: ho gar Christianos ex agapês, ouk ek anankês.
RE Sopatros (11); PLRE I Sopater (1); Eunapius Lives of the Sophists 462-3. See also under sigma 848.
[1] i.e. from one of the several cities in Asia Minor called Apamea (the best-known of them in Syria: see under alpha 4107 and pi 2107).
[2] [iota 27] Iamblichus.
[3] (For Constantine see generally kappa 2284, kappa 2285.) Other reasons are given elsewhere, notably (in Eunapius) accusations that by magic arts Sopater had raised winds that prevented the grain-ships from reaching Constantinople.
[4] This comment on Constantine's action seems to be presented as a quotation (though the introductory o(/ti is lacking in ms G, Adler reports); if so it is unidentifiable. Alternatively it is simply the response of the lexicographer himself. Either way, ou) kalw=s poiw=n echoes (whether consciously or not) a phrase from Plato, Theaetetus 166C (cf. under upsilon 77); and the substantive sentiment itself can be traced back to Philippians 1.15-16.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; ethics; food; geography; philosophy; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 26 March 1999@14:57:16.
Vetted by:
Joseph L. Rife (cosmetics, added keywords) on 10 September 2001@14:13:07.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 September 2001@04:03:13.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@09:48:48.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; cosmetics) on 17 January 2011@09:57:49.
David Whitehead (another note) on 31 December 2013@04:21:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 December 2014@01:28:28.
David Whitehead (more coding) on 26 May 2016@06:00:40.
David Whitehead (more notes; cosmetics) on 16 June 2016@05:37:52.


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