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Headword: Ἡσίοδος
Adler number: eta,583
Translated headword: Hesiod
Vetting Status: high
Of Kyme;[1] but he was raised as a youth by his father Dios and his mother Pukimede in Askra in Boeotia. His genealogy is: the son of Dios, the son of Apellis, the son of Melanopos -- whom some say is [sc. also] grandfather of Homer the founding-father, such that Homer is the son of Hesiod's cousin, and each was descended from Atlas. These were his poems: Theogony, Works and Days, Shield, Catalogue of Heroic Women in five books, Dirge for some Batrakhos, who was his beloved, [a book] on the Idaean Dactyls and many others. He died while visiting Antiphos and Ktimenos who, at night, intending to slay the seducer of their sister, killed Hesiod unintentionally. According to some he was older than Homer, according to others contemporaneous: Porphyrios and most others make him younger by a hundred years, so as to place him only thirty-two years before the first Olympiad [776 BCE].[2]
Greek Original:
Ἡσίοδος, Κυμαῖος: νέος δὲ κομισθεὶς ὑπὸ τοῦ πατρὸς Δίου καὶ μητρὸς Πυκιμήδης ἐν Ἄσκρῃ τῆς Βοιωτίας. γενεαλογεῖται δὲ εἶναι τοῦ Δίου, τοῦ Ἀπελλίδος, τοῦ Μελανώπου: ὅν φασί τινες τοῦ Ὁμήρου προπάτορος εἶναι πάππον, ὡς ἀνεψιαδοῦν εἶναι Ἡσιόδου τὸν Ὅμηρον, ἑκάτερον δὲ ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἄτλαντος κατάγεσθαι. ποιήματα δὲ αὐτοῦ ταῦτα: Θεογονία, Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι, Ἀσπίς, Γυναικῶν ἡρωϊνῶν κατάλογος ἐν βιβλίοις ε#, Ἐπικήδειον εἰς Βάτραχόν τινα, ἐρώμενον αὐτοῦ, περὶ τῶν Ἰδαίων Δακτύλων: καὶ ἄλλα πολλά. ἐτελεύτησε δὲ ἐπιξενωθεὶς παρ' Ἀντίφῳ καὶ Κτιμένῳ, οἳ νύκτωρ δόξαντες ἀναιρεῖν φθορέα ἀδελφῆς αὐτῶν, ἀνεῖλον τὸν Ἡσίοδον ἄκοντες. ἦν δὲ Ὁμήρου κατά τινας πρεσβύτερος, κατὰ δὲ ἄλλους σύγχρονος: Πορφύριος καὶ ἄλλοι πλεῖστοι νεώτερον ἑκατὸν ἐνιαυτοῖς ὁρίζουσιν, ὡς λβ# μόνους ἐνιαυτοὺς συμπροτερεῖν τῆς πρώτης Ὀλυμπιάδος.
On Hesiod see generally M.L. West in OCD(4) s.v.: 'one of the oldest known Greek poets, often coupled or contrasted with Homer [omicron 251] as the other main representative of early epic. Which was the older of the two was much disputed from the 5th cent. BC on (Xenophanes in Gellius, Attic Nights 3.11.2; Herodotus 2.53; Ephorus FGrH 60 F101; etc.): Homer's priority was carefully argued by Aristarchus, and generally accepted in later antiquity. Hesiod's absolute date is now agreed to fall not far before or after 700 BC'.
See further on the biographical material Mary Lefkowitz, The Lives of the Greek Poets (1981) chaps.1 (Hesiod) and 2 (Homer). As regards the present Suda entry (attributed by Adler to Hesychius of Miletus), it unsuccessfully conflates two opposing sources and thereby makes Hesiod Homer's uncle and cousin and nephew.
[1] In Aiolis (Asia Minor).
[2] Porphyrios of Tyre [pi 2098] FGrH 260 F20a.
Keywords: biography; chronology; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; poetry; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 9 April 2000@17:45:45.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Minor adjustments.) on 9 April 2000@23:41:05.
William Hutton on 10 April 2000@00:14:54.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note, bibliography and keywords) on 27 March 2001@07:24:31.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 11 June 2004@02:34:13.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation, prompted by Mario Baier) on 23 February 2011@03:49:00.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 20 December 2012@06:25:44.
David Whitehead (augmented notes, partly again at the promoting of Mario Bauer) on 1 April 2013@05:52:03.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@06:18:16.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 21 November 2014@23:46:36.


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