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Headword: Xanthos
Adler number: xi,9
Translated headword: Xanthos, Xanthus
Vetting Status: high
Son of Kandaules, a Lydian from Sardis, historian, born at the time of the capture of Sardis.[1] [He wrote a] Lydian History in 4 books.
In the second of these he reports that Gyges, the king of the Lydians, was the first to eunuchize women so as to enjoy them in an ever-youthful state.[2]
This Xanthos [Myth, Place] reports that a certain Alkimos,[3] a very reverent and most gentle man, was king of the land there, and that under him there was profound peace and much wealth, while everyone lived without fear and without guile; then, when Alkimos was seven[ty?] years old,[4] the whole Lydian people came forth publicly and prayed and sought that such years be given to Alkimos for the good of the Lydians; and this happened; and they lived in much good fortune and prosperity.[5]
Greek Original:
Xanthos, Kandaulou, Ludos ek Sardeôn, historikos, gegonôs epi tês halôseôs Sardeôn. Ludiaka biblia d#. en de tôi deuterôi toutôn historei, hôs prôtos Gugês ho Ludôn basileus gunaikas eunouchisen, hopôs autais chrôito aei neazousais. houtos historei ho Xanthos, Alkimon tina basileusai tês ekeise chôras, eusebestaton kai praotaton andra, kai ep' autou genesthai eirênên batheian kai plouton polun, adeôs de kai anepibouleutôs zên hekaston. eita epeidê hepta etê ên tôi Alkimôi, proelthontas tous Ludous pangenê te kai pandêmei proseuxasthai kai aitêsai tôi Alkimôi toiauta etê dothênai es to Ludôn agathon: ho kai gegone: kai en eupotmiai te kai eudaimoniai pollêi diêgon.
OCD4 Xanthus(2).
[1] By Cyrus the Great of Persia, in 546 BCE. The ancient city of Sardis, capital of the kingdom of Lydia, was located in western Asia Minor (Barrington Atlas map 56 grid G5), some 65 km. east of the Aegean Sea coastline, at the site of today's city of Sart, Manisa Province, modern-day Turkey. See sigma 125.
[2] From Hesychius of Miletus, fr. 7.761. For Gyges see generally gamma 472. But Athenaeus' version of this story names the Lydian king in question as Adramytes: Deipnosophists 12.11. Several Greek writers mention female circumcision (or genital mutilation) as practiced in Egypt.
[3] Elsewhere the name is Akiamos (Herodian, Nicolaus of Damascus, Stephanus of Byzantium) or Akimios (Constantine Porphyrogenitus).
[4] The emendation is Wachsmuth's; clearly no seven-year-old can be described as this king has just been. (Alternatively: had seven years sc. left to live.)
[5] cf. epsilon 3660, pi 174.
FGrH 765: 9 testimonia, of which the present entry furnishes T1; 33 fragments (30 of them from the Lydiaka), of which the present entry furnishes F4b and F19
Keywords: biography; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; medicine; religion; women
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 15 February 2000@12:54:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added bibliography and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 December 2000@11:29:19.
David Whitehead (modified translation at one point; added notes and more keywords) on 12 April 2004@12:22:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; raised status) on 27 May 2007@07:45:40.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:00:10.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 August 2014@08:09:38.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 December 2020@01:15:08.
Catharine Roth (restored keywords) on 8 December 2020@01:32:31.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added map reference) on 8 December 2020@21:43:06.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 8 December 2020@23:30:11.
Catharine Roth (added references) on 9 December 2020@00:59:42.
Catharine Roth (expanded notes 2 and 3) on 10 December 2020@01:13:47.


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