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Headword: *cenofa/nhs
Adler number: xi,46
Translated headword: Xenophanes
Vetting Status: high
[Xenophanes bears witness] in an elegy to him [= Pythagoras] having been different people at different times;[1] and they say that once he was passing while a puppy was being abused and he took pity and said, 'Stop, don't thrash him, since it is the soul of a friend that I recognized talking as I listened.' Cratinus also mocked him in Pythagoress [Pythagorizousa]. And in Tarentines [Tarantinoi] [he writes]: 'it's their custom, if they catch some layman entering, to test the power of his words, to rattle and confound him cleverly with opposites, with definitions, with balanced clauses, with fallacies, with sublimities.'[2]
Greek Original:
*cenofa/nhs e)n e)legei/a| peri\ tou= a)/llote a)/llon au)to\n gegenh=sqai: kai/ pote/ min stufelizome/nou sku/lakos pario/nta fasi/ g' e)poiktei=rai kai\ to/de fa/sqai e)/pos: pau=sai, mhde\ r(a/piz', e)peih\ fi/lou a)ne/ros e)sti\ yuxh/, th\n e)/gnwn fqegcame/nhn a)i/+wn. e)/skwye d' au)to\n kai\ *krati=nos e)n *puqagorizou/sh|. kai\ e)n *taranti/nois: e)/qos e)sti\n au)toi=s, e)a\n i)diw/thn poqe\n la/bwsin ei)selqo/nta, diapeirw/menon th=s tw=n lo/gwn r(w/mhs tara/ttein kai\ kuka=n toi=s a)ntiqe/tois, toi=s pe/rasi, toi=s parisw/masi, toi=s a)popla/nois, toi=s mege/qesi noubustikw=s.
On Xenophanes of Colophon, poet and philosopher of the C6 BCE, cf. under epsilon 2916, zeta 77, eta 174, eta 472, pi 675, and see generally C.H. Kahn in OCD(4) s.v.
[1] The source is Diogenes Laertius 8.36-37, where the verb (prosmarturei=) is explicit (and the elegy quoted directly); cf. also Greek Anthology 7.120, and sigma 1264.
[2] Cratinus (the Younger) fr. 7 Kock (and K.-A.).
Keywords: biography; comedy; ethics; philosophy; poetry; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 17 February 2000@09:39:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 11 January 2001@10:24:54.
David Whitehead (added x-ref and keywords; restorative and other cosmetics) on 17 December 2002@06:23:48.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 29 August 2007@09:11:53.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 19 June 2013@03:19:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 July 2013@01:00:44.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:06:51.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 23 December 2014@05:21:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 23 December 2014@09:03:34.


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