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Headword: *te/rpandros
Adler number: tau,354
Translated headword: Terpandros, Terpander
Vetting Status: high
Arnaean,[1] or Lesbian from Antissa,[2] or Cumaean.[3] Some have recorded him as a descendant of Hesiod, others of Homer -- saying that he was the son of Boios, [who was] the son of Phokeus, [who was] the son of Euryphon, [who was] the son of Homer. Lyric poet, who first made the lyre of seven strings and first wrote lyric nomes -- though some wish [to believe] that Philammon wrote them.[4]
Greek Original:
*te/rpandros, *)arnai=os, h)\ *le/sbios a)po\ *)anti/sshs, h)\ *kumai=os: oi( de\ kai\ a)po/gonon *(hsio/dou a)ne/grayan, a)/lloi de\ *(omh/rou, *boi/ou le/gontes au)to\n tou= *fwke/ws, tou= *eu)rufw=ntos, tou= *(omh/rou: luriko/s: o(\s prw=tos e(pta\ xordw=n e)poi/hse th\n lu/ran kai\ no/mous lurikou\s prw=tos e)/grayen: ei) kai/ tines *fila/mmwna qe/lousi gegrafe/nai.
Terpander, a C7 BC lyric poet of Lesbian origin but active at Sparta, is credited with inventing the 7-stringed lyre and creating the canon of the 7 citharodic nomes. Some fragments of poetry are attributed to him, but their genuineness is doubtful.
See generally Eveline Krummen in OCD(4) s.v.
[1] That is, from Arne, in Boiotia: alpha 3985.
[2] So e.g. Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Antissa.
[3] That is, from Kyme, in Aiolis (Asia Minor).
[4] For this Philammon, see phi 300 (and Pausanias 10.7.2).
D.A. Campbell, Greek Lyric, ii (Loeb: Cambridge Mass. 1988) 294ff
M.L. West, Ancient Greek Music (Oxford 1992) 329-330 and index s.v.
Keywords: biography; chronology; epic; geography; meter and music; poetry; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 November 2000@01:36:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and bibliography) on 21 May 2001@06:46:10.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; cosmetics) on 24 March 2010@07:10:33.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks) on 12 August 2011@09:02:45.
David Whitehead on 2 August 2014@11:19:48.


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