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Headword: *swsifa/nhs
Adler number: sigma,863
Translated headword: Sosiphanes
Vetting Status: high
son of Sosikles, Syracusan, tragedian. He produced 73 dramas, and won [with] 7. He too is one of the 7 tragedians who were called the 'Pleiad'.[1] He was active in the final years of Philip,[2] though some [say] under Alexander the Macedonian.[3] He died in the 111th Olympiad,[4] though some say in the 114th Olympiad;[5] others write that he reached his floruit [...].[6]
Greek Original:
*swsifa/nhs, *swsikle/ous, *surakou/sios, tragiko/s. e)di/dace dra/mata og#, e)ni/khse de\ z#. e)/sti de\ kai\ au)to\s e)k tw=n z# tragikw=n, oi(/- tines w)noma/sqhsan *pleia/s. e)ge/neto de\ e)pi\ tw=n teleutai/wn xro/nwn *fili/ppou, oi( de\ *)aleca/ndrou tou= *makedo/nos. teleuta=| de\ ria# o)lumpia/di, oi( de\ rid#: oi( de\ a)kma/sai au)to\n gra/fousi.
Kleine Pauly s.v. Sosiphanes 1 & 2; OCD4 s.v. Sosiphanes; TrGF 1(2).261-263, 280. This Suda entry confuses two men called Sosiphanes, in particular their respective dates. The chronological difficulties are worsened by the appearance of two Sosiphanes also on the Marmor Parium, whose dates do not align with the dates given here in the Suda. There, one Sosiphanes dies in 313/12 BCE (web address 1), and the other is born (?) in 306/05 (web address 2). Cf. P.M. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria (Oxford 1972) vol.2, p.872 and the further bibliography cited there.
[1] See generally R. Pfeiffer, History of Classical Scholarship (Oxford 1968) pp. 119, 160-161, and P.M. Fraser, op. cit. vol. 1, pp. 619-620. For other members of the tragic ‘Pleiad’, cf. alpha 1127, delta 1169, lambda 827, omicron 253, sigma 860 (the entry which has generated 'he too' in the present one), tau 894, phi 358.
[2] 346(?)-336 (phi 354).
[3] 336-323 (alpha 1121).
[4] 336-333.
[5] 324-321.
[6] This makes no sense as it stands and must be textually corrupt. Adler's apparatus summarises several proposed solutions, of which the simplest (Naeke's) is to to delete oi( de/, producing 'though others write that he reached his floruit in the 114th Olympiad'.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Chad Schroeder on 8 July 2004@11:02:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 8 July 2004@15:36:19.
David Whitehead (adjustments to tr; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 July 2004@03:20:04.
David Whitehead (typo) on 17 January 2011@10:15:14.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 14 August 2013@00:42:10.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 31 December 2013@04:42:46.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@11:13:28.


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