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Headword: *sagh/nh
Adler number: sigma,22
Translated headword: dragnet
Vetting Status: high
['Dragnet'] and [sc. also attested is] saghneuth/r ['dragnet-man'], [meaning] a fisherman.
'o Priapus of the seashore, the dragnet-men set up gifts.'[1]
'To King Nomad, a mass of purple cloths and [sc. some] golden brooches.'[2]
Greek Original:
*sagh/nh: kai\ *saghneuth/r, o( a(lieu/s. *ai)giali=ta *pri/hpe, saghneuth=res e)/qhkan dw=ra. basilei= *noma/di, sa/gwn porfurw=n plh=qos kai\ po/rpas xrusei/as.
cf. generally sigma 18, sigma 19, sigma 20, sigma 21. For fish that a dragnet-man might catch, see web address 1 -- especially the second page therein, which shows one of the tunas (tunnies, see following note) mentioned in the epigram quoted next.
[1] Greek Anthology 6.33.1-2 (Maikios/Maecius/Maccius), a dedication by fishermen to Priapus; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 280-283; and vol. II, 313) and further extracts from this epigram at alpha 1032, alpha 4532, beta 597, pi 2275, rho 222, and phi 258. To trap generally large, pelagic fishes such as those in the tunny tribe (Thunnini; cf. Greek Anthology 6.33.3 at beta 597 and rho 222), ancient fishermen probably used a system of weighted nets attached from a pole (nowadays known as a madrague; cf. Faget and Sacchi, 10) set in deeper water. The fish were diverted into tighter and tighter corridors of netting (called pa/rodoi, passages, by-passes; cf. pi 686 and pi 687) until they were so closely confined that it was easy to spear them (cf. Thompson, 86; Gow and Page, vol. II, 313).
[2] Quotation unidentifiable (and irrelevant to the present headword, since sa/gos 'cloth' is unrelated to it). The dedicatee is not the early Roman King Numa/Noma (nu 456), whose name does not decline like this, but rather, it seems, a king of nomads (cf. nu 452, nu 452); one manuscript, indeed, has *noma/dwn, not *noma/di.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
D. Faget and J. Sacchi, "Fishing in the Mediterranean, Past and Present", in P. Prouzet and A. Monaco, eds., Development of Marine Resources, (London, 2014) 1-56
D'A.W. Thompson, A Glossary of Greek Fishes, (London, 1947)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: clothing; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Alex Gottesman on 15 November 2002@10:21:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword, translation, notes; added keywords) on 17 November 2002@04:54:27.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 24 September 2013@23:02:33.
David Whitehead (tweaking; raised status) on 19 December 2013@04:12:37.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 28 November 2018@14:07:41.
Ronald Allen (expanded principal note, further expanded n.1, added bibliography items, added cross-references) on 28 November 2018@17:43:00.
Ronald Allen (tweaked n.1, added cross-reference) on 24 August 2019@15:59:04.


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