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Headword: *prw=nes
Adler number: pi,2954
Translated headword: forelands, headlands
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] prominences of mountains, hills.[1]
In the Epigrams: "you [sc. Heracles] that also tread Oeta and the deep-forested headland of Pholoe [...]."[2] And elsewhere: "by the headland Charicles dedicated this hairy billy-goat."[3] And elsewhere: "he [sc. a priest of Cybele] was wandering the forested headlands [sc. of Mount Ida]."[4]
Also attested is [sc. the uncontracted form] prew/n, [genitive] preo/nos[5]
"[Nymphs' spring-rich caverns,] which shed so much water down from this crooked foreland."[6]
Greek Original:
*prw=nes: o)rw=n e)coxai/, bounoi/. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: o(/s te kai\ *oi)/thn kai\ baqu\n eu)de/ndrou prw=na patei=s *folo/hs. kai\ au)=qis: la/sion para\ prw=na *xariklh=s a)/nqeto tra/gon. kai\ au)=qis: eu)de/ndrou prw=nas e)bounoba/tei. le/getai de\ kai\ *prew/n, preo/nos. ai( to/sson u(/dwr ei)/bousai skoliou= tou=de kata\ preo/nos.
The headword, quoted from somewhere (probably Pindar, Nemean Odes 4.52), is a masculine noun in the nominative and vocative plural; see generally LSJ s.v. prw/n, and cf. pi 2244.
[1] The headword is identically glossed by Photius' Lexicon (pi1452 Theodoridis), the Synagoge, and Lexica Segueriana 353.29; cf. Hesychius s.v. prw/onas; Apollonius Sophistes, Homeric Lexicon 136.30; and Homer, Iliad 16.299 (web address 1), with scholion (= scholia vetera), where a Danaan counter-attack on the Trojans is likened to Zeus parting thick clouds from a foreland. Adler also cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 1129 and 1191.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.3.1-2 (Dionysius), Dionysius dedicates a club cut from an olive tree to Heracles; cf. Gow and Page, Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I (81); vol. II (234-235); and another extract from this epigram at alpha 370. Since the dedicator has the same name as the epigrammatist, Gow and Page find (ibid.) the attribution open to question. Mount Oeta (Oita) is in south-central Greece (Barrington Atlas map 55 grid C3); cf. alpha 2612 (end). Mount Pholoe, between Arcadia and Elis, is in the north-western Peloponnesus (Barrington Atlas map 58 grid B2). As related by Diodorus Siculus 4.12.3-7, Heracles encountered the Centaur Pholos (Pholus; cf. phi 566 and OCD(4) s.v. Centaurs) at the latter's cave on the eponymous mountain.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.32.3-4 (Agathias Scholasticus); cf. iota 387, kappa 1850, and pi 201.
[4] Greek Anthology 6.218.2 (Alcaeus), the dedication of a eunuch priest of Cybele (Kybele, a Phrygian goddess, cf. kappa 2586) who escaped from a lion by beating his timbrels; cf. Gow and Page, Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, 9 and further extracts from this epigram at alpha 388, gamma 158, theta 526, pi 952, tau 316, and omega 89. The reference to Ida in the epigram is evidently the mountain in the Troad (Gow and Page, Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, 24-26), present-day Turkey's Kaz Da─či (Barrington Atlas map 56 grid D2). (Another Mount Ida is on the island of Crete (Barrington Atlas map 60 grid C2); cf. iota 90, iota 92, and iota 101.)
[5] cf. already pi 2244.
[6] Greek Anthology 6.253.1-2 (Krinagoras/Crinagoras), a dedication by Sosander the hunter to Hermes, Pan, and the Nymphs; cf. pi 2244, epsiloniota 14 (but with fre/atos, from a well), and sigma 937 (Gow and Page, Garland of Philip, vol. I, 224-225 and vol. II, 254-255).
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip, vol. I, (Cambridge 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip, vol. II, (Cambridge 1968)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry; religion; zoology
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 7 October 2010@01:23:21.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; modified primary note; other tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 October 2010@03:42:32.
David Whitehead on 29 November 2011@04:21:24.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@05:14:47.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@07:17:15.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 March 2015@00:59:27.
David Whitehead (coding) on 25 May 2016@03:40:19.
Ronald Allen (cosmetics bibliography and notes, added cross-references n.4) on 14 December 2018@01:23:06.
Ronald Allen (expanded and rearranged n.4, added keyword) on 17 December 2018@17:03:41.
Ronald Allen (rearranged n.2, added cross-reference) on 28 December 2018@00:46:17.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 10 December 2021@00:37:53.


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