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Headword: *prodo/ta|
Adler number: pi,2369
Translated headword: [to a] traitor
Vetting Status: high
Polybius [writes]: "there is something hard to understand about the topic [and] hard to state precisely. For it is not easy to declare whom we should truly consider a traitor. For it is clear that we should not simply consider traitors either those men who voluntarily devise common policy to serve certain kings or dynasts, or those who, influenced by circumstances, persuade their own countries to change to new friendships and alliances from established ones -- not even these. Far from it: for often men of this kind have been responsible for the greatest benefits to their countries."[1] "But whatever men in difficult circumstances or because of their own insecurity or advantage or because of disputes with opposing factions hand over their cities to their enemies, or whoever accepting garrisons and using assistance from outside for their own initiatives and purposes subject their countries to the domination of those more powerful -- to all such men one would appropriately apply the name of treachery, those whom no advantage or evil has ever accompanied, nor things which are opposite according to the agreement of all."[2]
Greek Original:
*prodo/ta|. *polu/bios: dusqew/rhto/n ti o( to/pos e)/xei duspara/grafon: ti/na ga\r w(s a)lhqw=s prodo/thn nomi/zein, ou) r(a/|dion a)pofh/nasqai. dh=lon ga\r w(s ou)/te tou\s e)c a)kerai/ou sumpeiqome/nous tw=n a)ndrw=n pro/s tinas basilei=s h)\ duna/stas koinwni/an pragma/twn eu)qe/ws prodo/tas nomiste/on, ou)/te tou\s kata\ perista/seis metatiqe/ntas ta\s au)tw=n patri/das a)po/ tinwn u(pokeime/nwn pro\s e(te/ras fili/as kai\ summaxi/as, ou)de\ tou/tous: pollou= ge dei=: e)pei/toi ge polla/kis oi( toiou=toi tw=n megi/stwn a)gaqw=n gego/nasin ai)/tioi tai=s patri/sin: a)ll' o(/soi tw=n a)ndrw=n kata\ ta\s dusxerei=s perista/seis h)\ th=s i)di/as a)sfalei/as kai\ lusitelei/as xa/rin h)\ th=s pro\s a)ntipoliteuome/nous diafora=s e)gxeiri/zousi toi=s e)xqroi=s ta\s po/leis, h)\ o(/soi froura\s ei)sdexo/menoi kai\ sugxrw/menoi tai=s e)/cwqen e)pikouri/ais pro\s ta\s i)di/as o(rma\s kai\ proqe/seis u(poba/llousi ta\s patri/das u(po\ th\n tw=n pleio/nwn dunatw=n e)cousi/an. tou\s toiou/tous u(po\ to\ th=s prodosi/as o)/noma metri/ws a)/n tis u(pota/ttoi pa/ntas: oi(=s lusitele\s me\n a)lhqw=s h)\ kako\n ou)de\n ou)de/pote sunechkolou/qhsen, ou)de\ e)nanti/a pa=sin o(mologoume/nws.
Entry lacking, Adler reports, is ms F (and palced later in V).
The headword as transmitted is in the Doric dative singular (except, Adler reports, in ms G, which has the nominative), and therefore must be extracted from somewhere other than the quotations which follow.
[1] Polybius 18.13.3-6, quoted already at epsilon 1519. See web address 1.
[2] Polybius 18.15.2-5. See web address 2.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 May 2013@01:21:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; tweaking) on 26 May 2013@04:59:42.
Catharine Roth (tweaked punctuation) on 26 May 2013@11:40:18.
David Whitehead on 14 October 2013@08:21:25.
David Whitehead (another note) on 12 June 2014@09:20:31.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 8 November 2021@00:13:42.


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