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Headword: *pri/apos
Adler number: pi,2276
Translated headword: Priapos, Priapus
Vetting Status: high
They give a human form to the statue of Priapos, who is called Horus among Egyptians.[1] In his right [hand] he holds a scepter, as if the dry land and the sea issued from him, and in his left he holds his erect member, since he makes the seeds hidden in the soil become visible [sc. as growing plants]. The wings [signify] the speed of his motion; the circle of the disk [suggests] his circumference[?], for they imagine the same thing for the sun.
Greek Original:
*pri/apos: to\ a)/galma tou= *pria/pou tou= *(/wrou par' *ai)gupti/ois keklhme/nou a)nqrwpoeide\s poiou=sin, e)n th=| decia=| skh=ptron kate/xon, w(sanei\ par' au)tou= fanei=san th\n chra\n kai\ th\n qa/lassan: e)n de\ th=| eu)wnu/mw| kratou=n to\ ai)doi=on au(tou= e)ntetame/non, dio/ti ta\ kekrumme/na e)n th=| gh=| spe/rmata fanera\ kaqi/sthsi. ta\ de\ ptera\ th\n taxuth=ta th=s kinh/sews: to\n de\ ku/klon tou= di/skou th\n perife/reian: tauto\n ga\r tw=| h(li/w| doca/zousi.
ps.-Codinus, Patria Constantinopoleos 2.12 (= Preger, Scriptores originum Constantinopolitanarum 156.9-17). For Priapos see also pi 2275, pi 2277.
[1] The 1890 Smithers-Burton edition of the Priapeia attributes the Priapos-Horus syncretism to Macrobius. Horus was represented as falcon-headed and sometimes also winged, sometimes with a disk above his head, and he was believed to protect royal power. The winged sun-disk itself is very ancient in Egyptian iconography: as early as the Vth dynasty (c.2498-2345 BCE), the image of the winged sun-disk was accompanied by the phrase, "beautiful deity, ruler of the Two Lands [i.e. Upper and Lower Egypt]." See T. Eric Peet, The Inscriptions of Sinai (London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1952), Plate VI, no.10.
Keywords: art history; botany; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; imagery; religion
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 24 May 2002@16:42:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 29 August 2003@09:23:18.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords) on 14 October 2013@05:17:06.
Catharine Roth (typo, coding) on 23 November 2014@22:59:30.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 24 November 2014@02:40:17.


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