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Headword: *filo/cenos
Adler number: phi,393
Translated headword: Philoxenus, Philoxenos
Vetting Status: high
Son of Eulytides, from Cythera, a lyric poet. He wrote twenty-four dithyrambs[1] and ended his days in Ephesus. At the time when the people of Cythera were enslaved by the Lacedaemonians[2] he was purchased by a certain Agesylus and raised by him and was called Myrmex [?Ant?].[3] After Agesilaus[4] died he was educated by the lyric poet Melanippides, who had bought him.[5] Callistratus wrote that he was a native of Heraclea on the Black Sea. [6] He wrote in melic verse a Genealogy of the Aeacids.
Greek Original:
*filo/cenos, *eu)luti/dou, *kuqh/rios, luriko/s. e)/graye diqura/mbous kd#: teleuta=| de\ e)n *)efe/sw|. ou(=tos a)ndrapodisqe/ntwn tw=n *kuqh/rwn u(po\ *lakedaimoni/wn h)gora/sqh u(po\ *)agesu/lou tino\s kai\ u(p' au)tou= e)tra/fh kai\ *mu/rmhc e)kalei=to. e)paideu/qh de\ meta\ to\n qa/naton *)aghsila/ou, *melanippi/dou priame/nou au)to\n tou= lurikou=. *kalli/stratos de\ *(hraklei/as au)to\n gra/fei *pontikh=s. e)/graye de\ melikw=s *genealogi/an tw=n *ai)akidw=n.
c.435-380 BCE; OCD(4) s.v. Philoxenos(1). See also sigma 1192 note 2, distinguishing him from others of the same name and habits (cf. Campbell pp. 177-79). For his proverbial "Take me back to the quarries" see alpha 2862, delta 1178, epsiloniota 291, phi 397.
[1] For entries on the intricate style of the "new dithyramb", of which he was a representative, see delta 1029, kappa 2647, and the Notes and bibliography there. On their "fearless" innovations see Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Comp. 19, cf. sigma 1192 n. 3). His Cyclops was parodied in Aristophanes, Plutus, 290ff.; his style was described by Antiphanes in the Tritagonistes (fr. 207 PCG vol. 2). For his famous piper, Antigenides, see alpha 2657.
[2] Read 'Athenians' for 'Lacedaemonians'. Cythera was captured by Athens in 424. See Thucydides 4.53-54 (web address 1).
[3] Perhaps referring to the intricacy of his music. Cf. Aristophanes Thesmophoriazusae 100 (web address 2). Discussed by Pickard-Cambridge pp.46-47.
[4] Read 'Agesylus' for 'Agesilaus'.
[5] Melanippides of Melos, active after c.480 BCE. The testimonia and fragments are collected in Campbell pp.14-29. See mu 454.
[6] Probably Domitius Callistratus [C1 BCE]. RE Bd.5.1 col. 1419 s.v. Kallistratos 39. See Campbell p.139 n.5.
D.A. Campbell, Greek Lyric [LCL] v.5 pp.176-197
Philoxenos 24 in RE 20,1, col.194
A.W. Pickard-Cambridge, Dithyramb, Tragedy and Comedy, 2nd ed. rev. T.B.L. Webster. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1962, pp.45-48
Adelaide Fongoni, Philoxeni Cytherii Testimonia et Fragmenta (Dithyrambi Graeci, 1: Pisa & Rome 2014); reviewed BMCR 2015.05.32
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; geography; history; military affairs; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 28 October 2000@23:19:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 29 October 2000@08:08:56.
Robert Dyer (Added cross references to other articles on new dithyramb; cosmetics.) on 8 January 2002@09:24:46.
Robert Dyer (Slight modification to cross-references.) on 30 January 2002@10:13:20.
Robert Dyer (Improved cosmetics. Raised status.) on 30 January 2002@10:23:40.
Robert Dyer (corrected 2 foolish errors of mine) on 30 January 2002@10:40:01.
Robert Dyer (final cosmetics) on 3 March 2002@10:32:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 11 December 2013@05:34:57.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@10:26:06.
Catharine Roth (coding, upgraded links) on 4 January 2015@00:16:27.
Catharine Roth on 4 January 2015@00:18:14.
David Whitehead (added more bibliography) on 28 May 2015@03:06:02.
David Whitehead (tr cosmetic) on 31 May 2016@04:23:42.


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