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Headword: *ou)ri/axos
Adler number: omicron,950
Translated headword: butt-end
Vetting Status: high
"[He] having struck with the rhombus-shaped butt-end of a spear." [sc. This phrase occurs] in the Epigrams.[1]
And elsewhere: "so that from the fire-wrought glassware they could receive the extended butt-ends".[2] [Meaning] the bottoms of candles.[3]
Greek Original:
*ou)ri/axos. plh/cas r(ombwtw=| dou/ratos ou)ria/xw|. e)n *)epi- gra/mmasi. kai\ au)=qis: o)/fra ken e)c u(a/loio purikmh/toio taqe/ntas ou)ria/xous de/cainto. ta\ ou)rai=a tw=n kandhlw=n.
cf. omicron 949, sigma 160.
[1] Greek Anthology 6.111.4 (Antipater of Sidon), a hunter dedicates to Artemis the hide and antlers of the deer he killed, also quoted at rho 221; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 26), (vol. II, 69-71), and another extract from this epigram at delta 1088. It is unclear, perhaps, how a hunter could kill a deer with the butt-end of a spear. But Gow and Page point out (vol. II, 71) that military spears often included a spike on the butt-end, which is used as a back-up when the action end is broken and for staking the spear in the ground when not in use as a weapon. Ordinary hunting gear is not so configured (ibid.). It is thus possible that the deer was killed by an off-duty soldier or by a hunter opportunely equipped with a military spear. On whether the deer is a hart or a hind, cf. delta 1088 note.
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler (who cited only Callimachus: see next note), but it is Paul the Silentiary, Description of Sancta Sophia 824. The passage seems to refer to silver discs hanging in the church which were pierced by a craftsman for the purpose quoted. Bekker rendered the passage: ut confectas vitro igne elaborato cuspides exciperent (39).
[3] Likewise also, according to LSJ s.v. ou)ri/axos (web address 1) at Callimachus, fr.anon. 50 Schneider.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Bekker, I. 1837. Descriptio S. Sophiae et ambonis. Bonn.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: art history; Christianity; definition; military affairs; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Kyle Helms on 15 June 2010@23:11:43.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 June 2010@01:48:11.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 16 June 2010@03:15:09.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 2 August 2013@03:35:31.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added to bibliography, added cross-reference, added keyword) on 26 June 2021@01:38:41.
Ronald Allen (augmented n.1, typo in references) on 1 July 2021@11:35:59.


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