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Headword: *ou)ri/axos
Adler number: omicron,949
Translated headword: butt-end
Vetting Status: high
The tip of the iron; or the back part of the spear, which is also called a "spike";[1] [the term comes] from the [verb] o)rou/ein ["to rush"] and the [verb] i)a/xw ["I shriek"];[2] and this in turn [comes] from i)/a, which means a vocal sound;[3] from this also [comes] i)axh/ ["a shriek"].[4]
Greek Original:
*ou)ri/axos: to\ a)/kron tou= sidh/rou: h)\ to\ o)/pisqen me/ros tou= do/ratos, o(\ kai\ saurwth\r kalei=tai: a)po\ tou= o)rou/ein kai\ tou= i)a/xw: tou=to de\ para\ to\ i)/a, o(\ shmai/nei th\n fwnh/n: e)c ou(= kai\ i)axh/.
cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 13.443; and more on this headword (presumably related to ou)ra/ "tail") at omicron 950.
[1] This term, saurwth/r, is treated in the Suda at sigma 1261 (an entry shared with Photius, Lexicon sigma653 Theodoridis). Hesychius also discusses the word at sigma280 and sigma2092.
[2] Used of weapons, i)a/xw can mean "twang" (of a bowstring: see LSJ s.v. 2 at web address 1), but does not seem to have been used of the butt-end of spears. Translating as "twang" also makes it more difficult to render the etymological similarity of i)a/xw and i)axh/ (the latter does not seem to mean "twang" and is not normally used of weapons: see LSJ s.v. at web address 2).
[3] This is consistent with the gloss of i)/a that appears at iota 1, but note that the accent, according to LSJ (web address 3), should be i)a/ rather than i)/a if the word is to mean "voice" or "shout". There may be some confusion here and at iota 1. See also iota 219.
[4] cf. iota 71.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; military affairs; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Kyle Helms on 16 June 2010@10:14:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 17 June 2010@01:32:08.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 17 June 2010@03:23:51.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 2 August 2013@03:25:59.
David Whitehead (coding) on 20 May 2016@06:26:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 2 March 2021@18:44:19.


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