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Headword: *naukrari/a
Adler number: nu,57
Translated headword: naukrary, naucrary
Vetting Status: high
Demosthenes in the [speech] Against Timocrates [sc. uses the word].[1] But perhaps, in the Atticizing writers, it is better taken as naukratitika/ ["of Naukratis"], so that [the adjective] would stem from a Naukratite vessel, or Naukratite voyagers. For Naukratis was, of old, a trading-post in Egypt. But if [the correct reading] is *naukrarika/, that would be "of the archons"; for long ago they used to call the archons nau/kraroi, as Herodotos shows in [book] five of his Histories.[2]
Perhaps the term naukrarika/ comes from the tip [krai=ra] of a ship [nau=s].
Greek Original:
*naukrari/a: *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *timokra/tous. mh/pote de\ be/ltion fe/retai e)n toi=s *)attikianoi=s *naukratitika/, i(/na h)=| a)po\ *naukratitikou= ploi/ou, h)\ *naukratitw=n e)mpleo/ntwn. h( ga\r *nau/kratis topalaio\n e)mpo/rion h)=n th=s *ai)gu/ptou. e)a\n de\ h)=| *naukrarika/, ei)/h a)\n ta\ tw=n a)rxo/ntwn. naukra/rous ga\r topalaio\n tou\s a)/rxontas e)/legon, w(s kai\ *(hro/dotos e)n e# i(storiw=n dhloi=. i)/sws para\ th\n th=s nho\s krai=ran ei)/rhtai to\ naukrarika/.
The first paragraph of this entry comes from Harpokration s.v. naukrarika/. In the Suda, as already in Photius (nu38 Theodoridis), the headword has become naukrari/a, which makes less sense of the suggestion in the entry that the word be emended to *naukratitika/ in Atticizing writers.
For Naukratis cf. nu 58.
[1] Demosthenes 24.11, where *naukratika/ -- see below -- is generally printed (web address 1).
[2] Herodotus 5.71.2 (web address 2).
OCD(4) 1001
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; rhetoric; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 December 2000@08:24:27.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (cosmetics, modified note, added links and keyword, set status) on 5 November 2003@11:40:39.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 November 2003@03:04:46.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 6 November 2003@03:05:45.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 24 October 2005@09:43:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@10:56:36.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 July 2011@08:31:24.
David Whitehead on 27 June 2014@06:49:31.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:12:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@03:18:06.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 15 October 2020@00:48:14.


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