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Headword: *katw/geion
Adler number: kappa,1105
Translated headword: underground
Vetting Status: high
In the [sc. Attic] masculine and feminine,[1] [this is spelled] with a short e [epsilon] and a long o [omega], [sc. like] o( a)nw/gews kai\ h( a)nw/gews ["above ground"].[2]
[sc. The latter adjective is] also [attested in the neuter, as] a)nw/gewn.[3]
Greek Original:
*katw/geion: e)pi\ qhlukou= kai\ a)rsenikou= dia\ tou= e yilou= kai\ w mega/lou, o( a)nw/gews kai\ h( a)nw/gews. kai\ to\ a)nw/gewn.
[1] The unglossed headword itself is neuter.
[2] The distinction between the Attic second declension -gews and the Late -geios is dialectal and not gender-based. See LSJ s.v. katw/gaios at web address 1.
[3] From alpha 2582. See also kappa 1106.
*katw/geios first appears in Herodian the grammarian (not as a hypothetical form: De prosodia catholica vol. 3.1, p. 191), and Porphyry (De antro nympharum 8.16); it is the form that has survived into Modern Greek (katw/gi, katw/i). *)anw/geios does not appear before Eustathius (Commentary on the Iliad vol.2 p.301); it has likewise survived into Modern Greek (a)nw/gi, a)nw/i).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keyword: dialects, grammar, and etymology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 6 October 2008@07:54:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 9 October 2008@00:57:21.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 October 2008@03:34:33.
David Whitehead on 11 February 2013@06:22:11.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 19 November 2014@23:56:33.


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