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Headword: *(hsu/xios *milh/sios
Adler number: eta,611
Translated headword: Hesychius of Miletus, Hesychios of Miletos
Vetting Status: high
Son of Hesychius the lawyer and of Philosophia.[1] Lived during the reign of the emperor Anastasius.[2] He wrote A biographical dictionary or Index of notable literary figures, of which this book [i.e. the Suda itself] is an epitome.[3] Also a Chronicle of history, which work he divided into 6 diastemata; for such is the name given to each book.[4] In these volumes the deeds of the Roman emperors are presented in chronological order and the mighty deeds of powerful rulers [arranged] by nation and the achievements of Byzantium up until the emperor Anastasius who was known as Dicorus.[5] In the Index of famous literary figures[6] he mentions not one of the teachers of the Church; from this [fact] we may suppose that he was not a Christian, but full of vain pagan labour.[7]
Also [sc. attested is] h(suxh=|, [meaning the same as] h(suxw=s ["gently/quietly"].[8]
Greek Original:
*(hsu/xios *milh/sios, ui(o\s *(hsuxi/ou dikhgo/rou kai\ *filosofi/as, gegonw\s e)pi\ *)anastasi/ou basile/ws. e)/grayen *)onomatolo/gon h)\ *pi/naka tw=n e)n paidei/a| o)nomastw=n, ou(= e)pitomh/ e)sti tou=to to\ bibli/on: kai\ *xronikh\n i(stori/an, h(/ntina diei=len ei)s #2# diasth/mata: ou(/tw ga\r kalei= e(/kaston bibli/on: e)n oi(=s e)mfe/rontai ai( kata\ kairou\s pra/ceis tw=n *(rwmai/wn basile/wn kai\ ai( dunastei=ai tw=n kata\ e)/qnos krathsa/ntwn tura/nnwn kai\ ta\ kata\ to\ *buza/ntion praxqe/nta e(/ws th=s basilei/as *)anastasi/ou tou= e)ponomazome/nou *diko/rou. ei)s de\ to\n *pi/naka tw=n e)n paidei/a| lamya/ntwn e)kklhsiastikw=n didaska/lwn ou)deno\s mnhmoneu/ei: w(s e)k tou/tou u(po/noian pare/xein mh\ ei)=nai au)to\n *xristiano/n, a)lla\ th=s *(ellhnikh=s mataioponi/as a)na/plewn. kai\ *(hsuxh=|, h(suxw=s.
Sixth century CE. Not to be confused with his earlier namesake Hesychius of Alexandria, the lexicographer (on whom see OCD(4) s.v.; H. the biographer has no entry there).
[1] The mother's name was emended to Sophia in the first edition of the Suda. Another option is filoso/fou (Flach), i.e. Hesychius, 'a lawyer and philosopher'
[2] Anastasius I, Byzantine emperior 491-518 CE.
[3] It is unclear whether the Suda compilers epitomized the original work of Hesychius of Miletus or used an epitome of that work. See Schultz cols.1323-1325 on this controversy.
[4] The title given by Photius [cod.69 p.34a l.40 (Bekker)] is Roman and world history [*(istori/a *(rwmaikh\ kai\ pantodaph/]. He calls the divisions tmh/mata. According to Photius this work covered the period from Belus, the founder of the Assyrian empire, to the emperor Anastasius I.
[5] That is, 'Two-Pupils', as one of his eyes was black and the other blue; cf. delta 1103, theta 144, kappa 1648, mu 1317, tau 983.
[6] Although I have marked up the name of this book here and earlier as titles, the difference in the Greek suggests that the Suda is either referring loosely to the title of the work or is using a variant title.
[7] Literally 'Greek', *(ellhnikh/.
[8] Two variants of an adverb cognate with the headword name.
The historical fragments of Hesychius of Miletus are collected in Mueller, FHG v.4 pp.143-177; cf. FGrH 390.
Clarke, Katherine. Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, 169-173.
Flach, J. Hesychii Milesii qui fertur de viris illustribus liber Leipzig (Teubner) 1880: 1-55.
Kaldellis, A. "The Works and Days of Hesychios the Illoustrios of Miletos", GRBS 45 (2005), 381-403.
Schultz, H. 'Hesychios (10) Illustrios' in RE 8.2 cols.1322-132.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; religion; women
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 7 June 2003@23:24:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword; one change in translation; added note and keyword; augmented bibliography) on 8 June 2003@07:57:20.
David Whitehead (added x-refs) on 8 June 2003@09:44:18.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@09:44:56.
David Whitehead (prefatory note; cosmetics) on 27 April 2007@06:25:41.
Mehmet Fatih Yavuz on 9 December 2009@14:39:00.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics, removed link, added keyword) on 9 December 2009@17:18:34.
Mehmet Fatih Yavuz (added bibliography.) on 10 December 2009@15:59:26.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 20 December 2012@09:00:56.
Catharine Roth (typo, punctuation) on 20 January 2014@00:49:55.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@06:19:54.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 January 2015@19:08:24.


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