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Headword: *dionu/sios
Adler number: delta,1178
Translated headword: Dionysius, Dionysios
Vetting Status: high
Tyrant of Sicily;[1] he wrote tragedies and comedies and historical works.[2]
"Others, too, became despots, but the tyranny of Dionysius was responsible for the greatest and most extreme ill-treatment [inflicted] on any state."[3]
Concerning the tyrant Dionysius and Philoxenus the dithyrambic poet, see in the [entry] 'take me away to the quarries'.[4]
Greek Original:
*dionu/sios, *sikeli/as tu/rannos: e)/graye tragw|di/as kai\ kwmw|di/as kai\ i(storika/. o(/ti kai\ e(/teroi e)tura/nnhsan, a)ll' h( teleutai/a kai\ megi/sth ka/kwsis pa/sais tai=s po/lesin h( *dionusi/ou turanni\s e)ge/neto. peri\ *dionusi/ou tou= tura/nnou zh/tei peri\ *filoce/nou diqurambopoiou= e)n tw=| a)/page/ me ei)s ta\s latomi/as.
[1] Dionysius I of Syracuse (c.430-367 BCE).
[2] See generally Kassel-Austin, PCG V p. 41.
[3] The quotation, left unattributed by Adler both here and when it reappears at tau 1187, derives from Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 20.7.2. The adjective teleutai/a here does more probably mean ultimate in the sense of "greatest" than (as the Loeb translator E.Cary had it) last in a simple chronological sequence; and for ka/kwsis, "ill-treatment", see LSJ s.v. ("ill-usage of persons by their natural protectors" - a tyrant in this instance).
[4] alpha 2862; see also epsiloniota 291 and tau 1187.
Keywords: biography; comedy; ethics; geography; historiography; history; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 3 February 2000@17:02:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; cosmetics) on 26 March 2001@05:04:32.
David Whitehead (revisited first vetting, after correspondence with translator: aspects of original translation reinstated; notes modified and augmented) on 4 April 2001@03:44:26.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 20 December 2002@05:08:19.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 July 2012@06:44:57.
David Whitehead (another note) on 23 December 2014@07:09:53.
David Whitehead (adjusted note-numbering) on 11 November 2015@04:54:55.


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