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Headword: *dioge/nhs
Adler number: delta,1144
Translated headword: Diogenes
Vetting Status: high
A pupil of Antisthenes;[1] [the man] first named (?)Kleon.[2] He lived in a wine-jar. When he asked how he might be outstanding, the god[3] replied that he was acting as a [sc. good] citizen if he were to re-stamp. He re-stamped the currency, and for this he was exiled[4] and went to Athens.[5] Happening upon Antisthenes who was conversing according to his reputation, he became a philosopher. On a sea voyage he was captured by pirates and sold.[6] When he was being auctioned and was asked what he knew, he said, "How to rule men." And when he observed a rich Corinthian profligate, he said, "Sell me to this man, for he needs a master." The man bought him and took him to Corinth and appointed him tutor to his children. He said that a good spirit had come into his household.
Greek Original:
*dioge/nhs, *)antisqe/nous o(milhth/s, o(\s prw=tos *kle/wn e)peklh/qh: e)n pi/qw| de\ die/triben. e)rome/nw| de\ au)tw=|, pw=s a)\n prwteu/seien, e)politeu/eto de/, o( qeo\s a)nei=len, ei) paraxara/ceien. o( de\ to\ no/misma parexa/racen: e)f' w(=| fugw\n h)=lqen e)s *)aqh/nas. e)ntuxw\n de\ *)antisqe/nei kata\ do/chs dialegome/nw| e)filoso/fhse. ple/wn de\ u(po\ katapontistw=n lhfqei\s e)pra/qh. khrutto/menos de\ kai\ e)rwtw/menos, ti/ ei)dei/h, a)/rxein a)nqrw/pwn, e)/fh. kai\ qeasa/menos *kori/nqion plou/sion a)/swton, tou/tw| me, e)/fh, pw/lhson: despo/tou ga\r dei=tai. o( de\ w)nei=tai kai\ ei)s *ko/rinqon a)/gei kai\ tw=n pai/dwn a)podei/knusi paidagwgo/n. e)/lege de\ dai/mona a)gaqo\n ei)s th\n oi)ki/an ei)selhluqe/nai.
Diogenes of Sinope, the Cynic: see already delta 1141 and delta 1143. For the present entry's material cf. generally Diogenes Laertius 6.20-21 & 74.
[1] Antisthenes: alpha 2723.
[2] This claim is not made in Diog.Laert., or elsewhere. Adler reports no manuscript discrepancies; nevertheless, as has been suggested, the transmitted *Kle/wn is surely an error for *Ku/wn "Dog" (cf. delta 1141).
[3] Apollo -- of Delos or Delphi, according to Diog.Laert. The latter is the more likely, and this consultation is Q201 in J. Fontenrose, The Delphic Oracle: its responses and operations with a catalogue of responses (Berkeley & Los Angeles 1978).
[4] sc. from his native Sinope.
[5] Diog.Laert. has several versions of this episode, some involving Diogenes' father the banker. Either way, the point is that Apollo's advice was taken too literally: at issue here was a 're-stamping' not of coinage but of civic behaviour.
[6] cf. under delta 1143.
Keywords: biography; children; economics; ethics; food; geography; philosophy; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 23 December 2004@00:56:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified aspects of translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 23 December 2004@04:24:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@09:06:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 20 November 2005@08:57:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@09:40:45.
David Whitehead (another note; cosmetics) on 10 November 2015@06:50:39.


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