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Headword: *xri=sis
Adler number: chi,521
Translated headword: anointing
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Referring to] the anointing-oil of the royal olive, which the prophets used to bring forward by means of a horn and rub on the kings.[1]
"And David was deemed worthy of the anointing because of Samuel; but the story indiscrimately named the people's proclamations 'anointings'."[2]
And elsewhere: "And the sea Nereids anointed for themselves" - meaning they anointed - "the corpse with nectar and placed it under a rock on the shore".[3]
Greek Original:
*xri=sis: to\ xri=sma tou= th=s basilei/as e)lai/ou, o(/per oi( profh=tai dia\ ke/ratos e)pifero/menoi, e)/xrion toi=s basileu=si. kai\ o( *dabi\d th=s me\n xri/sews h)ciw/qh dia\ *samouh/l: ta\s de\ tou= laou= a)nagoreu/seis h( i(stori/a xri/seis a)diafo/rws w)no/mase. kai\ au)=qis: ne/ktari d' ei)na/liai *nhrhi/+des e)xri/santo [a)nti\ tou= e)/xrisan] kai\ ne/kun a)ktai/h| qh=kan u(po\ spila/di.
Notes:
This headword strictly pertains to the process of anointing itself, the cognate chi 522 to the oil used.
[1] The source of this definition is unidentifiable.
[2] George the Monk, Chronicon 188.11-13.
[3] Greek Anthology 7.1.3-4. (The inserted explanation simply glosses the middle voice of the verb with the active.) This epigram, an epitaph appearing on Homer's alleged tomb at Ios (Barrington Atlas map 61 grid A4), is attributed to Alcaeus; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 6), (vol. II, 16-17), and further extracts from this epigram at gamma 458 and eta 162.
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1965)
Keywords: biography; botany; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 15 July 2003@09:20:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; augmented keywords) on 15 July 2003@09:52:36.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 April 2010@06:39:53.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword) on 13 November 2013@08:37:46.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 November 2014@01:52:49.
Ronald Allen (punctuation typo in translation; expanded n.3, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 16 October 2020@13:49:08.

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