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Headword: *ai)olo/pwlos
Adler number: alphaiota,251
Translated headword: with piebald ponies; with swift-circling ponies
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning someone] having multicoloured horses.
Greek Original:
*ai)olo/pwlos: poiki/lous i(/ppous e)/xwn.
Same entry, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon (298); differently -- highlighting the speed of the horses -- in other lexica. See further below.
This epithet is used principally of the Phrygians: Homer, Iliad 3.185 (= 2.798a), and the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite 137. (Of Castor in Theocritus, Idylls 22.34; contextless in Cercidas fr. 8.1.) They were famous for their horses, as was, of course, the Trojan plain, where they were a gift of Zeus in payment for Ganymede; cf. E. Delebecque, Le Cheval dans l’Iliade (Paris,1951) esp. 27-30. In the Iliad the ill-fated Asius of Arisbe (Lexikon des frühgriechischen Epos 1.1398-1400) was inordinately proud of his horses and chariot (12.96-173, 13.384-401), as was the Trojan Pandarus (5.192-204). We cannot tell which of their possible characteristics is described by this compound adjective: they were piebald in colour or some other variegation; they were good at turning, i.e. exceptionally nimble in circling the enemy (cf. the native Americans in the Indian Wars); their motion in pulling the chariot was undulant; the undulating motion of their galloping feet was particularly swift; a mass of horses was a mass of different colours. On a Linear B tablet from Cnossos either a stallion or a bull is named a3-wo-ro, probably “Piebald” or “Roan” from his colour (cf. alphaiota 252 note). See alphaiota 253 for these meanings of ai)o/los.
Keywords: daily life; definition; epic; geography; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 27 February 2003@05:44:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 27 February 2003@08:14:22.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 15 May 2012@08:26:05.
Catharine Roth (italics) on 26 May 2012@22:39:12.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 29 November 2015@05:58:38.


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