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Headword: *)akarh=
Adler number: alpha,802
Translated headword: instant
Vetting Status: high
[The same as] instantly, [i.e. used as] an adverb;[1] [meaning] in a short time, in a moment.
But Aristophanes in Wealth [sc. uses the phrase] "in an instant": "I was thrown down out of doors naked in an instant." [Meaning] in the merest [hair's breadth], that which cannot be cut through or cropped through shortage of time. It has been derived from the small hairs, the ones which because of shortness cannot be cut [karh=nai]. There is a [related] adverb a)karw=s ["instantly"]. From which [comes] the adverbial word a)kare/s.[2]
But [note also] kari/, [in the phrase?] tw=| kari/, [which declines] ka/r, karo/s, kari/.[3]
Greek Original:
*)akarh=: a)karw=s, e)pi/rrhma: e)n braxei/a| w(/ra|, e)n a)to/mw|. e)n a)karei= de\ *)aristofa/nhs *plou/tw|: gumno\s qu/raz' e)/peson e)n a)karei= xro/nw|. tw=| e)laxi/stw|, o(\n ou)x oi(=o/n te diakei=rai kai\ ko/yai dia\ to\ braxu\ tou= xro/nou. pepoi/htai de\ a)po\ tw=n mikrw=n trixw=n, tw=n dia\ braxu/thta mh\ duname/nwn karh=nai. e)/sti de\ e)pi/rrhma to\ a)karw=s. a)f' ou(= to\ a)kare\s e)pirrhmatiko\n o)/noma. kari\ de\ tw=| kari/, ka/r, karo/s, kari/.
Same entry in ps.-Zonaras. See also alpha 801, and cf. alpha 800, epsilon 1102.
[1] Same glossing, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon. Some of the scholia to Aristophanes, Wasps 701 [see under alpha 801] also have 'an adverb'.
[2] Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 244, with scholion.
[3] See generally LSJ s.v. ka/r (A).
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 16 February 2000@11:30:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified and supplemented translation and notes; restorative and other cosmetics) on 24 May 2002@07:59:09.
David Whitehead (another note; betacoding and other cosmetics) on 16 May 2006@03:10:47.
David Whitehead (another note; another keyword; tweaks) on 23 January 2012@06:46:12.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 20 January 2014@03:44:27.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 May 2015@00:39:01.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaking) on 4 May 2015@11:07:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode) on 5 May 2015@19:37:25.


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