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Headword: *)aqhno/dwros
Adler number: alpha,735
Translated headword: Athenodoros, Athenodorus
Vetting Status: high
Stoic philosopher, of the time of the Roman emperor Octavian. Under Octavian there was every reason for unbridled excess of power to be a universal misfortune, but the aforementioned Athenodoros persuaded him away from that with his advice. Then Tiberius succeeded to the principate.[1] For at that time the flatterers that had gained esteem through gifts and honors from the emperor had entered into the highest offices, but those who were seemly and modest and who did not choose the same lifestyle as those men were, as one might imagine, in an uproar, since they did not enjoy the same [honors]. Thus from this point on the cities were filled with revolts and disturbances, and the fact that the government had been turned over to officials who could not resist profit made life grievous and painful for the better class of people in peacetime and undermined their determination in times of war. In those times also pantomime dancing was introduced for the first time,[2] and many other things happened which were the cause of great evils.
Everything was leading Athenodoros toward philosophy, both the inclinations of his nature and the inclinations of his prudent predilection, when Proclus was alive. And he explained things clearly to his students. Sallustius, amazed at him, said with regard to his zeal that "like indeed to a fire the man seems to ignite the things around him." Nevertheless he encouraged Athenodoros not to practice philosophy.
Greek Original:
*)aqhno/dwros: *stwi+ko\s filo/sofos, e)pi\ *)oktaoui+anou= basile/ws *(rwmai/wn: e)f' ou(= pa=sa a)na/gkh koino\n ei)=nai dustu/xhma th\n tou= kra/tous a)/logon e)cousi/an, e)c ou(= dh\ ma/lista tai=s *)aqhnodw/rou tou/tou sumbouli/ais e)pei/sqh. kai\ diade/xetai *tibe/rios th\n basilei/an. to/te ga\r oi( ko/lakes para\ tou= basile/ws dwrew=n kai\ timw=n a)ciou/menoi megi/stwn a)rxw=n e)pe/bainon, oi(/ te e)pieikei=s kai\ a)pra/gmones mh\ to\n au)to\n e)kei/nois ai(rou/menoi bi/on ei)ko/tws e)sxetli/azon, ou) tw=n au)tw=n a)polau/ontes. w(/ste e)k tou/tou ta\s me\n po/leis sta/sewn plhrou=sqai kai\ taraxw=n ta\ de\ politika\ ke/rdous h(/ttosin a)/rxousin e)kdido/mena, to\n me\n e)n ei)rh/nh| bi/on luphro\n kai\ o)dunhro\n toi=s xarieste/rois e)poi/oun, th\n de\ e)n toi=s pole/mois proqumi/an e)ce/luon. kata\ de\ tou\s kairou\s e)kei/nous kai\ h( panto/mimos o)/rxhsis ei)sh/xqh ou)/pw pro/teron ou)=sa: kai\ prose/ti ge e(/tera pollw=n kakw=n ai)/tia gegono/ta. o(/ti tw=| *)aqhnodw/rw| pa/nta pareskeu/asto pro\s filosofi/an ta/ te a)po\ th=s fu/sews kai\ ta\ a)po\ th=s e)pieikou=s proaire/sews, o(/te *pro/klos e)/zh. kai\ diafanw=s e)chgei=to toi=s plhsia/zousin. o(\n o( *salou/stios qauma/zwn e)pi\ spoudh=s e)/legen, o(/ti puri\ a)/ra e)w/|kei o( a)/nqrwpos e)ca/ptonti pa/nta ta\ parakei/mena. a)ll' o(/mws e)/peisen *)aqhno/dwron mh\ filosofh=sai.
The entry seems to confuse at least two Athenodoroi. Paragraph 1 (from Zosimus 1.5.3-6.2) concerns Athenodorus of Tarsus, the well-known Stoic advisor of Augustus, on whom see generally OCD(4) s.v., p.195. Paragraph 2 (= Damascius fr. 145 Zintzen, 88 Asmus) is about a contemporary of the Neoplatonist Proclus.
[1] tau 551, tau 552.
[2] cf. omicron 671.
Banchich, T.M. "Eunapius, Eustathius, and the Suda." AJP 109 (1988) 223-225
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; economics; ethics; history; imagery; military affairs; meter and music; philosophy; politics
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 April 2001@22:36:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 20 May 2002@09:13:47.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 28 November 2005@08:22:25.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; cosmetics) on 20 January 2012@04:24:27.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@03:36:38.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 May 2015@10:38:03.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 27 January 2016@22:47:15.


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