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Headword: *)agxia/leia
Adler number: alpha,395
Translated headword: Anchialeia
Vetting Status: high
A city.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the related adjective] a)gxi/alos ["coastal"], [meaning] the one[2] near the sea.
Not all 'coastal' cities are surrounded by sea. For example, Alexandria is coastal but not surrounded by sea, whereas islands are both coastal and surrounded by sea. Sophocles [writes]: "son of Telamon and child of sea-girt Salamis".[3]
And elsewhere: "a famous tomb holds godlike Homer on a coastal cliff."[3]
Greek Original:
*)agxia/leia: po/lis. kai\ *)agxi/alos, h( e)ggu\s th=s qala/sshs. ou) pa/ntws de\ ai( a)gxi/aloi kai\ a)mfi/aloi ei)si/n. oi(=a/ e)stin h( *)aleca/ndreia, a)gxi/alos me\n, ou)k a)mfi/alos de/: ai( de\ nh=soi kai\ a)gxi/aloi kai\ a)mfi/aloi/ ei)si. *sofoklh=s: *telamw/nie pai= th=s a)mfirru/tou *salami=nos. kai\ au)=qis: qei=on *(/omhron kleino\s e)p' a)gxia/lw| tu/mbos e)/xei skope/lw|.
[1] On the coast of Cilicia; the "Anchiale" of alpha 396 (from sigma 122) and Stephanus of Byzantium. Barrington Atlas map 66 grid F3.
[2] This definite article is feminine in the Greek, no doubt presupposing 'city'.
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 134-135.
[4] Greek Anthology 7.4.1-2 (Paul the Silentiary), an epitaph for Homer, buried according to legend on the island of Ios (Barrington Atlas map 61 grid A4).
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 27 March 1999@18:15:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; added note and keywords) on 13 February 2001@07:20:41.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 January 2012@05:35:45.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4) on 11 August 2023@23:13:38.


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