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Headword: *)apatou/ria
Adler number: alpha,2940
Translated headword: Apatouria, Apaturia
Vetting Status: high
A public festival. It was celebrated amongst [the] Athenians for three days; during it the son of Sitalkes, the king of the Thracians, was registered in the citizenry.[1] They call the first [day] Dorpeia, when the members of phratries come together and are entertained in the evening; the second [they call] Anarrysis, on account of the sacrificing[2] - they used to sacrifice to Zeus Phratrios and to Athena; and the third [they call] Koureotis, from the enrolment of youths (kou/rous) and maidens into the phratries. This is the reason: the Athenians had a war on against the Boiotians over Kelainai, which was a place in their borderlands.[3] Xanthios, a Boiotian, challenged the Athenian king, Thymoites [to a fight]. When he did not accept, Melanthos, an expatriate Messenian from the stock of Periklymenos the son of Neleus, stood up to fight for the kingdom. While they were engaged in single combat, someone wearing a black goat-skin aegis appeared to Melanthos from behind Xanthios. So [Melanthos] said that it was not right to come two against one. [Xanthios] turned round. [Melanthos] smote him and killed him. And from this was generated both the festival Apatouria[4] and "of the Black Aegis" as an epithet of Dionysos.[5] But some say that because fathers go together alike through the enrolment of their sons, it is called the "same father" (o(mopato/ria) festival; in the same way we say that a spouse [is] of the same bed and a bed-mate, so also [we say] "the same father," Apatoria. And Aristophanes [writes]: "he wanted to eat sausages from the Apatouria."[6]
Greek Original:
*)apatou/ria: e(orth\ dhmotelh/s. h)/geto de\ par' *)aqhnai/ois e)pi\ trei=s h(me/ras: e)n h(=| e)gra/fh e)n th=| politei/a| o( ui(o\s *sita/lkou, tou= *qra|kw=n basile/ws. kalou=si de\ th\n me\n prw/thn *do/rpeian, e)peidh\ fra/tores o)yi/as sunelqo/ntes eu)wxou=nto: th\n de\ deute/ran *)ana/rrusin, a)po\ tou= qu/ein: e)/quon de\ *dii\+ *fratri/w| kai\ *)aqhna=|: th\n de\ tri/thn *kourew=tin, a)po\ tou= tou\s kou/rous kai\ ta\s ko/ras e)ggra/fein ei)s ta\s fratri/as. h( de\ ai)ti/a: po/lemos h)=n *)aqhnai/ois pro\s *boiwtou\s peri\ *kelainw=n, o(\ h)=n xwri/on e)n meqori/ois. *ca/nqios de\ *boiwto\s proekale/sato to\n *)aqhnai/wn basile/a *qumoi/thn. ou) decame/nou de\, *me/lanqos e)pidhmw=n *messh/nios, ge/nos a)po\ *periklume/nou tou= *nhle/ws, u(pe/sth e)pi\ th=| basilei/a|. monomaxou/ntwn de\ e)fa/nh tw=| *mela/nqw| tis o)/pisqen tou= *canqi/ou tragh=n ai)/gida e)nhmme/nos me/lainan. e)/fh ou)=n a)dikei=n au)to\n deu/teron h(/konta. o( de\ e)pestra/fh. o( de\ pai/sas a)poktei/nei au)to/n. e)k de\ tou/tou h(/ te e(orth\ *)apatou/ria, kai\ *dionu/sou *melanaigi/dos e)domh/santo. oi( de/ fasin, o(/ti tw=n pate/rwn o(mou= sunerxome/nwn dia\ ta\s tw=n pai/dwn e)ggrafa\s oi(=on o(mopato/ria le/gesqai th\n e(orth/n: o(poi/w| tro/pw| le/gomen a)/loxon th\n o(mo/koiton kai\ a)/koitin, ou(/tw kai\ o(mopato/ria, *)apato/ria. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs: h)/ra fagei=n a)lla=ntas e)c *)apatouri/wn.
OCD(4) s.v. (pp.114-5).
[1] On the naturalization of Sadokos, son of Sitalkes, in 431 BCE see M.J. Osborne, Naturalization in Athens, vols.3-4 (Brussels 1983) 26-7; S. Hornblower, A Commentary on Thucydides, vol.1 (Oxford 1991) 288.
[2] Literally, drawing back (the head of a sacrificial victim); cf. already alpha 2058.
[3] cf. kappa 1283, mu 458, xi 8.
[4] i.e. from the deceit, a)pa/th, involved.
[5] cf. mu 450, tau 889.
[6] Aristophanes, Acharnians 146 (web address 1); cf. already alpha 1067, end. The substance of the present entry comes, abbreviated, from the scholia on this line.
H.W. Parke, Festivals of the Athenians (London 1977) 88-92
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; biography; children; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; history; mythology; religion; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 24 December 2000@18:48:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes, bibliography and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 December 2000@07:26:17.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 18 August 2002@06:13:05.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@08:57:51.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added betacode; added italics; cosmetics) on 13 October 2005@20:41:26.
David Whitehead (more italics) on 14 October 2005@03:24:59.
Catharine Roth (updated link) on 5 November 2011@01:36:47.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 6 November 2011@06:10:45.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@07:44:07.
David Whitehead on 3 August 2015@10:54:04.


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