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Headword: Theophrastos
Adler number: theta,199
Translated headword: Theophrastus, Theophrastos
Vetting Status: high
Son of Melantas, a fuller,[1] though some [say] of Leon; from Eresos;[2] a pupil of Aristotle and successor [as head] of the school in the Peripatos left behind by him when he migrated to Chalcis. This man was earlier called Tyrtamus; but on account of the divine character of his speech [to\ qei/ws fra/zein] he was called Euphrastus by Aristotle, and then Theophrastus;[3] just as Plato was named on account of the breadth [platos] of his discussions, being called Aristocles earlier.[4] [Theophrastus] had more than 2,000 students, and had as his beloved the son of Aristotle the philosopher, Nicomachus.[5] He was honored at the court of Cassander, the son of Antipater, and he died after becoming worn out from continual writing and then letting up for a few days on account of a student's marriage. His books are very numerous, among which are these also: Prior Analytics, three books; Posterior Analytics, 7 ; Analysis of Syllogisms; Epitome of [the] Analytics; Of Reduced Topics; On Stones; On Plants; On Metals; On Odors; and others.
Greek Original:
Theophrastos, Melanta gnapheôs, hoi de Leontos: apo Eressou, akoustês Aristotelous kai diadochos tês scholês tês en tôi peripatôi hup' autou kataleiphtheisês eis Chalkida ekdêmêsantos. houtos proteron ekaleito Turtamos: dia de to theiôs phrazein hup' Aristotelous eklêthê Euphrastos, eita Theophrastos: hôsper Platôn dia to en tois logois platos touto epônomasthê, proteron kaloumenos Aristoklês. mathêtas de esche pleion ê #22b#, erômenon de ton Aristotelous huion tou philosophou Nikomachon. etimêthê de para Kassandrôi tôi Antipatrou, kai teleutai kataponos hupo tou aei graphein genomenos, eita endous epi bracheias hêmeras dia mathêtou gamous. biblia de autou pampleista, hôn kai tauta: Analutikôn proterôn tria, Analutikôn husterôn z#, Analuseôs sullogismôn, Analutikôn epitomên, Anêgmenôn topôn, Peri lithôn, Peri phutôn, Peri metallôn, Peri odmôn: kai alla.
c.371-c.287. Theophrastus 2 FHS&G; OCD(4) s.v. See also theta 200. The material of the present entry comes largely from Diogenes Laertius 5.36-38, 42, 44-46.
[1] cf. Diogenes Laertius 5.36.
[2] In Asia Minor; here spelled Eressos.
[3] cf. Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Eresos.
[4] This was indeed the ancient tradition about Plato, but it is untrue. See e.g. J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 BC (Oxford 1971) 333.
[5] cf. nu 398.
Keywords: biography; botany; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; philosophy; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Mirhady on 4 January 2000@15:03:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and bibliography; added keywords; cosmetics) on 28 March 2001@03:27:32.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 12 August 2003@01:38:02.
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 12 August 2003@03:34:30.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking; raised status) on 1 January 2013@05:47:00.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 5 August 2014@06:59:26.
Catharine Roth (more keywords) on 4 November 2018@01:49:01.


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