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Headword: Timômai
Adler number: tau,628
Translated headword: let me be assessed
Vetting Status: high
Socrates the philosopher, after he had been found guilty, said: "on the basis of the things I have done let me be assessed the penalty of dining in the Prytaneion." And the [jurors] condemned him to death.
Greek Original:
Timômai: Sôkratês ho philosophos katadikastheis ephêsen: heneka men tôn emoi diapepragmenôn timômai tên dikên tês en Prutaneiôi sitêseôs. kai hoi thanaton autou kategnôsan.
From Diogenes Laertius 2.42, referring to Socrates' trial for impiety (asebeia) in 399 BCE; cf. Plato, Apology of Socrates 37A. (For Socrates see generally sigma 829, sigma 830.)
Under classical Athenian law trials of this kind were called timetoi, meaning without a statutorily fixed penalty: see alpha 4364. Instead, plaintiff and defendant each proposed penalties if/when the latter had been found guilty; the jury then decided which penalty to impose.
The Prytaneion was the town hall but also served as the city’s “Banqueting Hall.” See pi 2999 and web address 1. In Socrates' case the deliberately provocative act of proposing a reward instead of a punishment is encapsulated in the ambiguous phrase tw=n e)moi\ diapepragme/nwn: it needs a context to allow it to mean either 'my crimes' (deserving punishment) or 'my services' (deserving reward). Plato's version of this (above) had been 'if I must be assessed in accordance with the justice of my deserts'.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; biography; food; history; law; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 10 August 2003@18:42:14.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 10 August 2003@19:39:24.
Catharine Roth (added another cross-reference) on 10 August 2003@19:41:21.
David Whitehead (modified translation and keywords; modified and augmented notes) on 11 August 2003@03:00:28.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 14 August 2011@08:01:02.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 20 August 2013@00:31:32.
David Whitehead on 13 January 2014@07:30:27.
Catharine Roth (updated link) on 27 August 2022@00:59:26.


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