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Headword: Saloustios
Adler number: sigma,64
Translated headword: Sallustius, Salustius; Salutius
Vetting Status: high
Commander of [the] praetorians; [it was he] who put forward Valentinian as emperor.[1] And he, having become emperor, appointed a successor to him[2] and set up public notices, [to the effect] that, if a person had received an injustice from him, he [sc. the victim] should appear before the emperor. But no one appeared; for Sallustius was the purest of men. When the praepositus[3] Rhodanus[4] had wronged a certain widow called Veronica, and she appeared before the emperor, this Valentinian gave the case to Sallustius as judge. He condemned the praepositus; and when the latter had expressed his contempt, he condemned the praepositus to the fire in the cavalry [camp], and gave all the property of the chief eunuch to the widow; and, in fear, [people] abstained from every injustice.
Greek Original:
Saloustios, eparchos praitôriôn: hos proebaleto basilea Balentinianon. ho de basileusas diedexato auton kai ethêke prothemata, hina, ei tis ti êdikêtai par' autou, proselthêi tôi basilei. oudeis de prosêlthen: ên gar hagnotatos ho Saloustios. houtos de ho Balentinianos ton praipositon Rhodanon, adikêsanta Beronikên tina chêran, hês proselthousês tôi basilei, edôke dikastên Saloustion. ho de katedikase ton praipositon, kai toutou kataphronêsantos, ton praipositon en tôi hippikôi puri paradidôsi kai tên ktêsin pasan tou archieunouchou têi chêrai didôsi: kai phobêthentes pasês adikias apeschonto.
For this man see already pi 1326 and especially sigma 63 (latter part), where he is presented as 'a commander of the palace under [the emperor] Julian'. Banchich (1988: 224) suggests that he must be Julian's praetorian prefect Saturninius Secundus Salutius (sic), mentioned by Eunapius of Sardis in this Suda passage (= Eunapius, Fragmenta Historica 1.231.13-25 Dindorf) -– and in his extant Life of the Sophists 479 (52.20, 53.9-10, ed. Giangrande). When Julian died, the army offered the succession to Salustius (Fowden 1997: 547). Salustius (or Salutius -- see Banchich 1988: 224, n.6) was Julian’s close friend and adviser; he wrote a treatise On the gods and the world, where he defended, inter alia, the thesis of the ingenerability, eternity (2.1), and incorporeality (2.2) of god. He also argued for the immortality of the soul (8.3).
If the 'Sallustius' of these Suda passages (and elsewhere) is not Saturninus Secundus Salutius, an alternative theory identifies him with the Flavius Sallustius was was praetorian prefect of Gaul 361-363.
[1] Valentinian I (omicron 762); he served under Julian, amongst others, before becoming emperor himself.
[2] This unusual use of the verb diade/xomai is noted in LSJ s.v.
[3] That is 'a person placed over', a common title given to many officers in the later Roman Empire. In the Suda cf. under epsilon 3604 (= theta 145 = pi 793 = upsilon 169).
[4] 'Chrysaphius' in pi 2441, q.v.
T.M. Banchich, 'Eunapius, Eustathius, and the Suda', American Journal of Philology 109 (1988) 223-225
G. Fowden, 'Polytheist Religion and Philosophy', in The Cambridge Ancient History vol. 13, London-New York, Cambridge University Press, 1997, 538-556
Keywords: biography; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics; women; zoology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 15 July 2009@13:42:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes; another keyword; internal rearrangement; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 July 2009@06:52:07.
Catharine Roth (corrected cross-reference) on 3 June 2013@01:06:45.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 December 2013@09:53:31.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 17 September 2014@01:15:18.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 23 January 2022@22:39:36.


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