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Headword: Sukon
Adler number: sigma,1328
Translated headword: fig
Vetting Status: high
[A su=kon is] a kind of stu/kon[1] that which stands and does not fall, like the wild fig [o)/lunqos]. [It is called] o)/lunqos from o(/los ["whole"] a)nqei=n ["blossoming"], that is being the same from the first flowering.[2]
[Note] that the fig is an antidote and [it] alone;[3] also dried figs roasted with rue and given on an empty stomach, likewise with pennyroyal.
Also, "a fig that is black when eaten."[4]
Interpretation of a dream: "Eating figs shows noises of nonsenses."[5]
Greek Original:
Sukon: stukon ti on, to hestêkos kai mê rhiptomenon, hôs ho olunthos. olunthos de para to holos anthein, êgoun ek prôtês anthêseôs to auto echein. hoti to sukon alexipharmakon esti, kai monon: kai ischades sun pêganôi optômenai kai nêstais didomenai, homoiôs glêchôni. kai, sukon te melantrages. lusis oneirou: brôsis sukôn deiknusi phlênaphôn psophous.
[1] The word occurs only here; it seems to be a hypothetical form invented for the sake of etymology.
[2] cf. omicron 223.
[3] cf. [Julian] Epistle 180 (p.230.12-13 Bidez/Cumont).
[4] Greek Anthology 6.299.3 (Phanias), a dedication of food and wine to Hermes and Aphrodite; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 163); (vol. II, 471-472); and further excerpts at delta 1548, theta 429, and iota 552.
[5] From the dream-interpretations, in verse, attributed to Astrampsychus (alpha 4251). Adler prints 'noises' (yo/fous) from mss AM; alternatives are yo/gous and lo/gous.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Keywords: agriculture; botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; food; medicine; meter and music; poetry; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 26 December 2005@17:37:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 29 December 2005@03:11:18.
David Whitehead on 2 January 2014@06:06:50.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 3 April 2014@13:44:33.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; expanded n.5) on 10 June 2014@07:43:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 8 January 2021@00:57:58.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 12 February 2022@11:04:25.


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