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Headword: Phthoïs
Adler number: phi,507
Translated headword: cake, pastille, phthois
Vetting Status: high
[fqoi+/s, genitive] fqoi+/dos.[1] A name of a flat-cake.[2] Pastries which they used to sacrifice to the gods with the organ-meats.[3]
In the Epigrams: "and I bring to you, o Demeter, a round cake in a basket on this threshing-floor."[4]
It was customary for the Attic-speakers to pronounce fqoi=s [accusative plural] as a monosyllable. "[I see the priest] snatching up the cakes and the dried figs". Aristophanes in Wealth [sc. says this].[5]
Greek Original:
Phthoïs, phthoïdos. onoma plakountos. pemmata ha tois theois meta tôn splanchnôn ethuon. en Epigrammasi: kai trochian en kaneôi phthoïda soi tautas eph' halôos, ô Damater, pherô. tous phthois monosullabôs ethos legein tois Attikois. tous phthois apharpazonta kai tas ischadas. Aristophanês Ploutôi.
See already phi 506.
[1] cf. alpha 2082. Besides the stem with -id-, forms with an -i-stem are attested; see LSJ s.v.
[2] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius phi153 Theodoridis.
[3] From Pausanias the Atticist (fr. 94).
[4] Greek Anthology 6.258.2-3 (Adaeus); cf. alpha 2751. On this epigram, a farmer's offerings to Demeter, see Gow and Page (vol. I, 4-5); (vol. II, 4-5); and further extracts at gamma 165, omicron 26, and omicron 95.
[5] Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 677 (web address 1), with scholion.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 9 April 2011@23:44:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks) on 11 April 2011@03:21:13.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 11 April 2011@11:04:02.
David Whitehead (more notes; tweaking) on 12 December 2013@09:17:33.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 27 April 2022@18:59:19.


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