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Headword: Oualentinianos
Adler number: omicron,763
Translated headword: Valentinian
Vetting Status: high
Emperor of [the] Romans.[1] This man, through his mother Justina, turned aside from the right faith and was expelled from his imperial rule.[2] And going to Theodosius[3] he was educated in the right faith [sc. by him]: for Theodosius used to tell him that the imperial order is established not through arms, but as the result of good motives. Also "I know", he said, "Valentinian, from the most pious Emperors that [even] when the army is calm, the victory is accomplished successfully, and the enemy, subordinated, becomes tributary [although?] danger has preceded. So it was with Constantine the Great:[4] when he was restored, he destroyed in a shipwreck the tyrant Licinius; and so too your father Valentinian brought the Empire to a more fortunate and harm-free goal from its enemies, with God vindicating him, and he exhibited countless battles and victories beyond belief, destroying many barbarians in various ways. But your uncle Valens, the unhallowed, rending God in pieces, stained the Church through the butchery of the saints and the exile of the priests.[5] [It was he] who, by the will of God, was besieged by the Goths and burned. The one who unjustly cast you out [sc. nevertheless] worships Christ rightly. Your faithlessness made Maximus indifferent [to evil]. If we harm Christ, to whom will we appeal in our fight?" Theodosius, having given these and more pieces of advice to Valentinian, changed his course into the right faith.
Greek Original:
Oualentinianos, basileus Rhômaiôn. houtos dia tês mêtros Ioustinês paretrapê tês orthês pisteôs kai exeblêthê tês basileias. kai elthôn pros Theodosion epaideuthê tên orthên pistin: elege gar autôi ho Theodosios tên basilikên parataxin hestanai ou di' hoplôn, all' ex agathôn prophaseôn. kai, oida, phêsin, Oualentiniane, para tôn eusebestatôn basileôn, hêsuchazontos tou stratopedou, tên nikên katorthôtheisan kai tous polemious hupotagentas hupoteleis gegenêsthai tou prolabontos kindunou. houtô kai ho Kônstantinos ho megas anorthôtheis Likinnion ton turannon en nauagiôi diephtheiren, houtô kai Oualentinianos ho sos patêr eutuchesteron tên basileian kai ablabê para tôn polemiôn ithunôn etelese, tou theou ekdikountos auton, kai machas anarithmêtous kai nikas apistous edexato, pollous barbarous diaphorôs anelôn. Oualês de ho theios ho sos ton theon diasparattôn emiane tên ekklêsian ho bebêlos dia tês sphagês tôn hagiôn kai exorias tôn hiereôn. hos têi tou theou boulêsei hupo tôn Gotthôn poliorkêtheis ekauthê. orthôs ton Christon sebei ho adikôs se ekbalôn. hê sê apistia Maximôi euchereian sunênenken. ei ton Christon blaptomen, tina parakalesomen machomenoi; tauta kai pleiô toutôn nouthetêsas Theodosios Oualentinianon eis tên orthên pistin metêgagen.
[1] Valentinan II, who succeeded his father and namesake Valentinian I (omicron 762) in 375 and reigned until his murder in 392. The present entry's material comes from George the Monk, Chronicon 565.6-566.15. See De imperatoribus Romanis entry at web address 1 (Walter E. Roberts).
[2] Valentinian was expelled by Maximus (mentioned below), who in 387 invaded Italy. Valentinian and his mother asked for help at the court of Theodosius, Emperor of the East; cf. next note.
[3] Flavius Theodosius, known as Theodosius the Great; see theta 144.
[4] Flavius Valerius Constantinus (kappa 2285); he was considered the most important emperor of Late Antiquity. Constantine’s "legalization and support of Christianity and his foundation of a ‘New Rome’ at Byzantium rank among the most momentous decisions ever made by a European ruler" (Hans A. Pohlsander at web address 2 below).
[5] Flavius Valens, brother of Valentinian I, became Emperor due to Valentinian I's favour. Valens' barbarous cruelty was proverbial as well as his warlike abilities. On Valens see omicron 764.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion; women
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 16 July 2009@22:36:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 July 2009@06:03:23.
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 30 July 2013@09:01:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 August 2013@00:12:40.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 17 February 2021@23:04:52.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 18 February 2021@14:12:05.


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