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Headword: Melanippidês
Adler number: mu,454
Translated headword: Melanippides
Vetting Status: high
A maternal grandson of the elder,[1] and son of Crito, who was also himself a lyric poet. He made many innovations in the composing of dithyrambs and, after spending time with King Perdiccas,[2] he ended his life there. He too wrote lyric songs and dithyrambs.
Greek Original:
Melanippidês, thugatridous tou presbuterou, pais de Kritônos, lurikou kai autou: hos en têi tôn dithurambôn melopoiïai ekainotomêse pleista kai diatripsas para Perdikkai tôi basilei ekei ton bion katestrepsen. egrapse kai autos aismata lurika kai dithurambous.
This is the dithyramb poet of the second half of the 5th. Century BC (OCD(4) 926 'Melanippides(2)'), whose career is compared to his grandfather of the same name (mu 455; OCD loc.cit 'Melanippides(1)). In Xenophon, Memorabilia 1.4.3 Aristodemus calls him his favorite dithyramb-poet. Aristotle, Rhetoric 1409b, says that he replaced antistrophes with a)nabolai/ 'preludes'. These were to become a dominant feature (alpha 1810) of the 'new dithyramb' (delta 1029, kappa 2647), and are well illustrated for us in the fragments of Timotheus' Persians (Campbell 91-111, fr. 291). He also introduced the 12-stringed cithara (Pherecrates fr.155 PCG vol. 7). M.L. West (Ancient Greek Music 357-58) and others regard him as the chief innovator of the "new music" and we have some fragments of his work (Campbell 14-29).
[1] As already noted, 'the elder' Melanippides is mu 455 -- an entry which therefore logically ought to have preceded the present one; cf. analogously e.g. phi 328 and phi 329.
[2] Perdiccas II of Macedon; ruled ca. 450-413.
Campbell = Greek Lyric, ed. D.A. Campbell, Loeb edn., vol. 5.
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 25 February 2002@10:49:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@05:00:09.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaks) on 7 May 2008@09:46:41.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 14 May 2013@07:48:00.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 9 August 2014@08:22:46.


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