Suda On Line menu Search

Search results for lambda,83 in Adler number:
Greek display:    

Headword: Lamech
Adler number: lambda,83
Translated headword: Lamech
Vetting Status: high
Scripture mentions two Lamechs, one being the descendant of Cain, the other being the descendant of Enoch. For Noah had been begotten through Lamech, the one who is not [a descendant] from Cain, who had killed a man and also a youth for wounding him[1], and when he had committed two murders he also took their two wives, Eldah and Zillah.[2] He accuses himself to be worthy of punishment seventy-seven times. From Cain, he says, seven times punishment was exacted, but from Lamech, seventy-seven times.[3] He is punished more greatly, because he did not learn anything from the fall of the first sinner. He slew the brothers of the righteous Enoch, who prayed in faith because of this that he might not see such a death, and having been heard he was taken away.[4] But Enoch was [a descendant] of the righteous Seth, from whom Christ was descended, as his genealogy is recorded by Luke.[5] For he was eager that the seed of the impious [ones] be taken out of the race of the just [ones], since fear of God is an abomination to a sinner. For even the family and the seed of Cain were condemned, but those from Seth were praised. And God did not wish for the race of the righteous to become mixed with the [race of] the impious, but [for the latter] to be obliterated. Therefore since they were committing murder and taking their women, the giants bore portentous monsters,[6] because of whom the cataclysm came and destroyed everything utterly. Only Noah was found righteous in his generation, wherefore he was saved.[7]
Greek Original:
Lamech: duo Lamech hê graphê memnêtai, henos men tou apo Kaïn, henos de tou patros Enôch. gegennêtai gar Nôe dia Lamech ouk ek tou apo Kaïn, tou kai pephoneukotos andra te kai neaniskon eis môlôpa, kai hôs duo phonous pepoiêkôs kai tôn duo tas gunaikas eilêphôs Eldan kai Sellan: heautou katamemphetai hebdomêkontakis hepta axion einai kolaseôs. ek men tou Kaïn, phêsin, ekdedikêtai heptakis, ek de Lamech hebdomêkontakis hepta. kolazetai meizonôs, dioti têi ptôsei tou proêmartêkotos ouk esôphronisthê. tou dikaiou gar Enôch adelphous aneile tou pistei dia touto proseuxamenou mê idein toiouton thanaton, kai akoustheis metetethê. ên de ho Enôch ek tou dikaiou Sêth, ex hou ho Christos katagetai genealogoumenos hupo Louka. espoudazen oun tôn asebôn to sperma tôn dikaiôn exarai to genos, epeidê gar bdelugma hamartôlôi theosebeia. kai gar to genos kai to sperma tou men Kaïn katêrathê, tou de Sêth eulogêthê. kai ouk ebouleto ho theos epimixian genesthai tôn dikaiôn to genos pros to tôn asebôn, all' exaleiphthênai. epei oun ephoneuon kai elambanon tas gunaikas autôn, exaisia terata etiktonto hoi gigantes, di' hous kai ho kataklusmos elthôn pantas ardên apôlese. monos heurêtai dikaios Nôe en têi geneai autou. dio kai ephulachthê.
George the Monk, Chronicon 45.22-47.5.
See the Jewish Encyclopedia entry on Lamech at web address 1. One Lamech appears as the son of Methushael and descendant of Cain's son Enoch at Genesis 4:18 ff. Another is mentioned in Genesis 5:25 as the son of Methuselah, grandson of Enoch, and descendant of Seth. These may be variant traditions of the descendants of Adam.
[1] At Genesis 4:23 LXX it seems that there was only one murder, not two. George has misinterpreted the parallelism of Hebrew style. He also seems to have added the detail that the women were widows of the slain men.
[2] Ada and Sella in Vulgate Genesis 4:23, and *)ada and *sella in Genesis 4:23 LXX, but here *)elda and *sella.
[3] Genesis 4:24 LXX (web address 2).
[4] cf. Sirach 44:16.
[5] Luke lists Christ's genealogy in Luke 3:36-38 (web address 3). For Seth see sigma 295.
[6] cf. Genesis 6:1-4.
[7] Noah has a very brief entry at nu 531.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; history; law; religion; women
Translated by: Kevin Arrowood on 10 December 2002@13:35:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added primary note; added x-ref; minor cosmetics) on 10 July 2003@09:30:27.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, another link, status) on 28 January 2005@23:41:19.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 30 January 2005@22:27:27.
Catharine Roth (augmented notes) on 31 January 2005@00:24:58.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, other cosmetics) on 31 January 2005@17:52:39.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 1 April 2013@06:34:46.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 November 2014@11:25:14.
David Whitehead (more coding) on 16 May 2016@06:39:44.


Test Database Real Database

(Try these tips for more productive searches.)

No. of records found: 1    Page 1

End of search