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Headword: Kuros
Adler number: kappa,2778
Translated headword: Kyros, Cyrus, Kurush
Vetting Status: high
[Note] that "because of the assessment of tribute, the Persians used to say that Dareios was a shop-keeper, Kambyses a master, and Kyros a father. The first, because he merchandised all things; the second, because he was harsh and arrogant; and the last, because he was kind and contrived good things for them."[1]
Greek Original:
Kuros: hoti dia tên epitaxin tou phorou elegon hoi Persai, hôs Dareios men ên kapêlos, Kambusês de despotês, Kuros de patêr. ho men, hoti ekapêleue panta ta prêgmata: ho de chalepos te ên kai oligôros: ho de, hoti êpios te kai agatha sphi ta emêchanêsato.
[1] A reasonably accurate quotation of Herodotus 3.89.3: see web address 1.
Kurush (Old Persian) -- Kyros to the Greeks (cf. kappa 2777) -- was the founder of the Persian empire and reigned c. 559 to 530 BCE. His son Kambujiya, or Kambyses (see also under kappa 2777), reigned from 530 to 522, and the usurper Darayavaush, Dareios I (delta 72, delta 73), who according to Herodotus first imposed tribute on the empire, from 522 to 486.
Pierre Briant, Histoire de l'Empire Perse de Cyrus à Alexandre (Paris 1996), is the standard work on the Old Persian Empire.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; economics; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: John Hyland on 9 May 2000@18:58:50.
Vetted by:
Helma Dik on 23 May 2000@12:15:44.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 28 March 2001@07:25:10.
David Whitehead (x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 14 July 2006@06:28:01.
David Whitehead on 25 March 2013@09:14:03.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 25 March 2013@17:31:57.


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