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Headword: Kuros
Adler number: kappa,2777
Translated headword: Kyros, Cyrus, Kurash
Vetting Status: high
[Cyrus] the king is said to be the son of Cambyses the king of the Persians. This Cambyses [was] of the family of the Perseids, and the Perseids are named from Perseus;[1] his mother was Mandane. Mandane was the daughter of Astyages who became king of the Medes. Cyrus is reported and praised even now by the barbarians as having been very handsome in appearance, and in his character very loving of mankind and very devoted to learning [and very ambitious], so that he endured every kind of toil and every kind of danger for the sake of praise.[2]
He was called Kyros because when playing the game of kingship with the other boys he won the supremacy.[3]
This Cyrus was experienced, if any one was, in the philosophy in which he was educated by the magi; he was taught justice and truth, in accordance with some laws established for the Persian nobles.[4]
[Note] that Cyrus, the king of the Persians, was so called because in the game called basilinda he gained supremacy over his age-mates.[5]
Greek Original:
Kuros, ho basileus, patros men dê legetai genesthai Kambuseô Persôn basileôs: ho de Kambusês houtos tou Perseidôn genous, hoi de Perseidai apo Perseôs klêïzontai: mêtros de Mandanês. ên de hê Mandanê Astuagous thugatêr tou Mêdôn genomenou basileôs. phunai de ho Kuros legetai kai aidetai eti kai nun hupo tôn barbarôn eidos men kallistos, psuchên de philanthrôpotatos kai philomathestatos, hôste panta men ponon anatlênai, panta de kindunon hupomeinai tou epaineisthai heneka. Kuros de eklêthê dia to tês basileias paidian diaprattomenos sun meirakiois to kuros eilêphenai. houtos ho Kuros philosophias, ei kai tis allos, empeiros ên, hêntina para tois magois epaideuthê: dikaiosunên te kai alêtheian edidachthê, kata dê tinas patrious nomous kathestôtas Persôn tois aristois. hoti Kuros, ho Persôn basileus, houtôs eklêthê dia to en têi basilinda legomenêi paidiai kurieusai tôn hêlikôn.
Cyrus the Great, c.599 BCE-529 BCE; see generally OCD(4) s.v. Cyrus(1), and again kappa 2778.
[1] See under pi 1374. (For Kambyses see also alpha 1916, alpha 3894, epsilon 360, kappa 2778, omicron 210, pi 721, sigma 439.)
[2] Xenophon, Cyropaedia 1.2.1 (web address 1).
[3] This story is told by Herodotus at 1.114.1 (web address 2); cf. beta 161. It implies a Greek etymology for Cyrus's name (cf. kappa 2775), but in Persian his name was Kurash (see web address 3).
[4] Nicolaus of Damascus FGrH 90 F67.
[5] For basilinda cf. beta 160, beta 161.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; children; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; philosophy; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 October 2003@00:55:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 19 October 2003@04:09:29.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 14 July 2006@06:33:48.
David Whitehead on 25 March 2013@08:54:19.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 25 March 2013@14:17:07.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@06:59:04.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 21 June 2016@04:23:06.


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