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Headword: Diagoras
Adler number: delta,523
Translated headword: Diagoras
Vetting Status: high
[Diagoras], son of Telekleides or Teleklytos; a Melian, a philosopher and a lyric poet; whom Democritus from Abdera,[1] seeing that he was naturally talented, bought -- since he was a slave -- for ten thousand drachmas and made a pupil. And he also applied himself to the lyric art, being in time after Pindar and Bacchylides, but older than Melanippides:[2] he flourished in the 78th Olympiad.[3] And he was called Atheos since he held such an opinion, after the time when someone of the same art, being accused by him of stealing a paean which he himself had made, swore he did not steal this, and performing it a short while later, met with success. Thereupon Diagoras, being upset, wrote the so-called Apopyrgizontes Logoi, which includes his withdrawal and falling away from his belief concerning the divine.[4] But Diagoras, settling in Corinth, lived out his life there.
Greek Original:
Diagoras, Têlekleidou, ê Têleklutou, Mêlios, philosophos kai aismatôn poiêtês: hon euphua theasamenos Dêmokritos ho Abdêritês ônêsato auton doulon onta muriôn drachmôn kai mathêtên epoiêsato. ho de kai têi lurikêi epetheto, tois chronois ôn meta Pindaron kai Bakchulidên, Melanippidou de presbuteros: êkmaze toinun oê# Olumpiadi. kai epeklêthê Atheos dioti touto edoxazen, aph' hou tis homotechnos aitiatheis hup' autou hôs dê paiana aphelomenos, hon autos epepoiêkei, exômosato mê keklophenai touton, mikron de husteron epideixamenos auton euêmerêsen. enteuthen oun ho Diagoras lupêtheis egrapse tous kaloumenous Apopurgizontas logous, anachôrêsin autou kai ekptôsin echontas tês peri to theion doxês. katoikêsas de Korinthon ho Diagoras autothi ton bion katestrepsen.
C5 BCE. See also delta 524, and generally OCD(4) s.v. (p.444).
[1] delta 448.
[2] Pindar pi 1617, Bacchylides beta 59, Melanippides mu 455.
[3] 468-465.
[4] For this work cf. alpha 3493, pi 3200. On the (controversial) view that it has survived -- on the so-called Derveni Papyrus -- see Richard Janko, 'The Derveni Papyrus (Diagoras of Melos, Apopyrgizontes Logoi?)', Classical Philology 96 (2001) 1-32.
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; philosophy; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jason Karnes on 6 May 2002@14:00:58.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (minor modifications to translation; cross-references and keywords) on 6 May 2002@22:17:28.
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 7 May 2002@03:03:43.
David Whitehead (augmented n.4) on 28 January 2005@03:29:04.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 27 June 2012@08:26:17.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@04:56:50.


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