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Headword: Diogenês
Adler number: delta,1141
Translated headword: Diogenes
Vetting Status: high
Name of a philosopher, the one also [called] Dog.[1]
"Why should we speak of Diogenes' courage, of Xenocrates' gentleness, of Aristotle's artistic sense, of Theophrastos' gravity, of Zeno's austere and noble ways, of Plato's dignity, of Polemo's self-control? For there is not one of these men who, despite being good in all respects, nevertheless differed completely from his neighbor."[2]
An epigram is also reported about him: "Hey, Diogenes, tell [us], what fate took you to Hades?' 'A dog's bite took me'". But the epigram abridges [the expression].[3]
Greek Original:
Diogenês: onoma philosophou, tou kai Kunos. ti chrê peri tês andreias Diogenous legein, tês praotêtos Xenokratous, tês Aristotelous eumousias, tês Theophrastou barutêtos, Zênônos tôn austêrôn kai gennaiôn tropôn, Platônos semnotêtos, Polemônos enkrateias: toutôn gar ouk estin hostis ou panta agathos ôn diepheren homôs tou plêsion katapolu. pheretai kai epigramma eis auton: Diogenes, age, lege, tis elabe se moros es aïdos; elabe me kunos odax. to de epigramma dia bracheôn.
[1] OCD(4) s.v. Diogenes(2), c.412/403-c.324/321. See also delta 1143, delta 1144.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable. For Xenocrates see xi 42; for Aristotle alpha 3929; for Theophrastus theta 199 (55 FHS&G); for Zeno zeta 79; for Plato pi 1707; for Polemo pi 1887. The Greek idiom uses a double negative, but the point must be that these famous philosophers are human beings like everyone else.
[3] From alpha 180 (q.v.); repeated at omicron 28.
Keywords: biography; ethics; philosophy; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 9 December 2004@01:08:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 December 2004@03:22:12.
David Mirhady on 25 July 2008@12:22:13.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 3 July 2009@23:02:35.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@09:30:18.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@05:07:35.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 10 November 2015@06:25:38.
Catharine Roth (tweaked my translation (at DW's instigation)) on 10 November 2015@10:58:29.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note, after further discussion with DW) on 31 August 2016@17:56:52.


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