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Headword: Chezêtiôn
Adler number: chi,182
Translated headword: shit-wishing
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning someone] wanting to shit.[1]
Aristophanes [writes]: "when some Patrokleides of you happens to be shit-wishing, he would not have let it out into his cloak, but would fly off, and farting and catching his breath he would fly back again."[2] Meaning he would retire to void his bowels. It seems Patrokleides was a politically minded and learned man, but otherwise dirtied his bed linens. Therefore "shitting" (xesa=s) is also said.[3] And elsewhere Aristophanes [writes]: "let someone summon Antisthenes by any means; for that man knows what an arse-hole wants when it wants to take a shit."[4] This man Antisthenes was an effeminate doctor.
"A cure of a much-shitting disease."[5]
Greek Original:
Chezêtiôn: boulomenos chesai. Aristophanês: eite Patrokleidês tis humôn tunchanei chezêtiôn, ouk an exidisen eis thoimation, all' aneptato kapopardôn kanapneusas, authis kateptato. anti tou apepatêse. dokei ho Patrokleidês politikos einai kai logios, allôs de kataschêmonôn tôn strômatôn: dio kai Chesas elegeto. kai authis Aristophanês: Antisthenê tis kalesatô pasêi technêi: houtos gar anêr heneka ge stenagmatôn oide ti prôktos bouletai chezêtiôn. houtos ho Antisthenês iatros ên thêludrias. apêllagê men poluchesou nosêmatos.
[1] The headword, presumably extracted from the first quotation given, is the masculine nominative singular, present active indicative, of the verb xezhtia/w ("I want to shit"), a desiderative of xe/zw. See Smyth ยง868 at web address 1.
[2] Aristophanes, Birds 790-792 (web address 2). Part of this entry is taken from a scholion to line 70. See also epsilon 1759 and chi 219.
[3] The masculine nominative singular, aorist active participle, of xe/zw ("I shit"); cf. chi 183. Patrokleides is best known as the author of the amnesty decree of 405 BCE (Andocides 1.76-79).
[4] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 366-368 (web address 3), with scholion. See also pi 2950.
[5] Addendum lacking, Adler reports, in mss AS, and placed later in G.) See rather alpha 3149, with a)phlla/ghmen ("we were released...") for this entry's faulty a)phlla/gh me/n.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; imagery; medicine; politics
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 March 2008@19:46:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 March 2008@06:59:34.
David Whitehead on 10 November 2013@06:38:34.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 17 December 2014@14:20:06.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 December 2014@02:49:39.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 14 August 2019@23:52:59.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 1 May 2023@00:36:41.


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