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Headword: Charizesthai
Adler number: chi,110
Translated headword: to indulge, to please, to pleasure
Vetting Status: high
In common usage [this verb is used] as the majority [use it], but specifically [it is used] in reference to sex acts, or for submitting to someone in word. "Whether it is necessary to please you".[1] And elsewhere: "so that I would please you."[2]
Also [sc. attested is] "[they] indulging", [meaning they] giving favor. "They cut off his head, indulging a most unpleasant and diseased temperament."[3]
Greek Original:
Charizesthai: koinôs men hôs hoi polloi, idiôs de epi aphrodisiôn, ê hupo tou en logôi hupokataklinesthai. eite soi dei charizesthai. kai palin: hina soi charisômai. kai Charizomenoi, charin tithemenoi. hoi de tên kephalên autou apetemon, acharistôi nosêmati tôi thumôi charizomenoi.
The first part of this entry reproduces one in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon. See also Etymologicum Genuinum, Etymologicum Magnum 807.19, and the scholia to Plato, Phaedrus 227C (web address 1 below).
[1] Plato, Parmenides 137A, has o(/mws de\ dei= ga\r xari/zesqai ("For it is necessary, nevertheless, to be obliging"). See web address 2 below.
[2] Plato, Theages 123A, has i(/na soi xarisw/meqa; see web address 3 below.
[3] Parts of Aelian fr. 210a and 210b Domingo-Forasté (209 Hercher); cf. alpha 4673 which quotes this passage at length, also kappa 1001.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 14 March 2008@13:03:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 March 2008@06:47:13.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, added cross-reference, upgraded links, raised status) on 22 October 2012@02:12:15.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 8 November 2013@05:00:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 December 2014@19:58:05.


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