Phonomaton: Phonological rule engine

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Inputs

Phonological rules

Underlying representations

Affix rules


Sample phonological rules


Click to add the rule to the current ruleset.

Secondary articulation rules


Sample affix rules


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Sample derivations


Click to invoke a sample derivation on some underlying representations.

IPA chart

Click on any symbol to select/deselect; when two symbols are selected, their differing features are displayed. Double-click any symbol to move to its row in the table of features and segments. Symbols that are in the inventory are shown with a border.

Vowels

  Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y ɨ ʉ ɯ u
Near-Close ɪ ʏ ʊ
Close-mid e ø ɘ ɵ ɤ o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ ɞ ʌ ɔ
Near-Open æ ɶ
Open a ɑ ɒ

Consonants

Bi­labial Labio­dental Dental Alveolar Post alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Other Symbols

ʍVoiceless labial-velar fricative
wVoiced labial-velar approximant
ɥVoiced labial-palatal approximant
ʜVoiceless epiglottal fricative
ʢVoiced epiglottal fricative
ʡEpiglottal plosive
ɕVoiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
ʑVoiced alveolo-palatal fricative
ɺAlveolar lateral flap
ɧSimultaneous ʃ and x
ɫSimultaneous palatal and uvular

Affricates

VoicelessVoiced
ʦAlveolar ʣ
ʧPalato-alveolar ʤ
ʨAlveolo-palatal ʥ
ʈ͡ʂRetroflex ɖ͡ʐ
t͡ɬAlveolar-lateral d͡ɮ
t͡ɬ̠
p͡fBilabial-labiodental b͡v
p͡ɸBilabial-dental b͡β
t̪͡θDental d̪͡ð
c͡çPalatal ɉ͡ʝ
k͡xVelar ɡ͡ɣ
q͡χUvular ɢ͡ʁ

Doubly-articulated stops

VoicelessVoiced
k͡pBilabial-velar plosive g͡b
p͡tBilabial-alveolar plosive b͡d


Segments and features

Show/hide features table

Instructions details


Credits


Design and implementation: Raphael Finkel (University of Kentucky), Daniel Kaufman (Queens College, Endangered Language Alliance). The IPA charts are based on these. The table of segments and features is based on Hayes, Bruce, 2009, Introductory Phonology, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN: 1405184116, ISBN13: 9781405184113.

Version 2.09 details