Solving very large sparse linear systems are often encountered in many scientific and engineering applications. Generally there are two classes of methods available to solve the sparse linear systems. The first class is the direct solution methods, represented by the Gauss elimination method. The second class is the iterative solution methods, of which the preconditioned Krylov subspace methods are considered to be the most effective ones currently available in this field. The sparsity structure and the numerical value distribution which are considered as features of the sparse matrices may have important effect on the iterative solution of linear systems. We first extract the matrix features, and then preconditioned iterative methods are used to the linear system. Our experiments show that a few features that may affect, positively or negatively, the solving status of a sparse matrix with the level-based preconditioners.
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This research was supported in part by the Kentucky Science and Engineering Foundation under the grant KSEF-148-502-05-132.